Fiat Punto

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Fiat Punto
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Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1993–2010
Predecessor Fiat Uno
Successor Fiat Grande Punto
Class Supermini
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
3-door convertible (1994–99)
3-door van
Layout FF layout

The Fiat Punto is a supermini produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat, between 1993 and 2010.

Contents

1st generation (Type 176) (1993–1999)

1st generation
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Production 1993–1999
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
2-door convertible
3-door van
Engine 1.1 L I4
1.2 L I4
1.4 L I4
1.4 L I4 turbo
1.6 L I4
1.7 L I4 diesel
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
CVT
Wheelbase 2,450 mm (96 in)
Length 3,760 mm (148 in)
Width 1,625 mm (64.0 in)
Height 1,450 mm (57 in)
Curb weight 830–1040 kg (1829–2292 lb)
1070 kg (2358 lb) (Cabrio)
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Albea
Fiat Doblò
Fiat Palio
Fiat Siena
Fiat Strada
Lancia Y
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro

Internally codenamed Project 176, the Punto was announced in September 1993 and launched in late 1993 as a replacement for the ageing Fiat Uno. The Fiat Punto was voted European Car of the Year for 1995. The Punto's distinctive clean-cut styling by Giorgetto Giugiaro was an instant hit (though one of the car's most recognisable features, the vertical tail/rear lights, were not part of Giugiaro's original design and were in fact added later in-house at Fiat's factoryTemplate:Citation needed). Competitive pricing which undercut cars like the Opel Corsa and Volkswagen Polo also helped the Punto become an instant success in the European marketplace.

Entry level

Entry-level in the Punto range were the 1.1 and 1.2 L petrol engines and the 1.7 diesel engine. The 1.2 engine's actual capacity is 1.242 litres, available in 3 versions. The first, was fitted in the Punto ELX 75 and produced 75 hp (56 kW) at 6000 rpm while the second, fitted to Punto ELX 85 produced 86 hp (64 kW) at 6000 rpm. The third was a 60 hp (45 kW) engine which eventually replaced the 1.1 54 hp engine.

Sporting versions

A Sporting model was also available with an 1.6 8v updated 128 SOHC engine, producing 88 bhp, later replaced in 1997 by the 1.2 16v FIRE engine used in the 85 ELX, and a power drop to 86 bhp.

GT versions

The top of the range model was the 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) 1.4 GT, using an evolution of the turbocharged 128 SOHC engine originally found in the Fiat Uno Turbo Mk II- capable of running over 200 km/h (120 mph) and reaching 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 7.9 seconds and came fitted with a 5-speed manual gearbox. During the years the GT was made in three different "series" with power 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) (1993–1995),133 PS (98 kW; 131 hp) (1995–1997) and 130 PS (96 kW; 130 hp) (1997–1999).[1]

Convertible

File:Punto Cabrio Bertone rear.JPG
Fiat Punto Cabrio (1993–1999)

A cabriolet (convertible) version was also available; built by Bertone (rather than at the main Fiat factory), it featured an electric powered fully retracting roof and was one of the cheapest open-top cars in the world at the time. In Italy it was also made with a manual roof. Available in both ELX and SX trim, initially powered by the 90Bhp 1.6 Mpi unit (replaced in 1997 by the 86Bhp 1.2 16v FIRE unit). 55,000 cars were built between 1994–1999

Other versions

Particular versions of the Mark I Punto were the Punto 6Speed, a 1.1 FIRE Punto 55 with a 6-speed gearbox, the Punto Selecta with a CVT-type automatic gearbox, and the Punto ED (Economical Drive), a 1.1 Punto whose 5-speed gearbox was designed for high fuel efficiency.

Engines

Code Displacement / Type Max. Power Max. Torque Compression
1.1 SPI 1,108 cc (70 mm x 72 mm) I4 54 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) @ 5500rpm 86 N·m (63 lb·ft) @ 3250rpm 9.6:1
1.2 SPI 1,242 cc (70.8 mm x 78.9 mm) I4 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp @ 5500rpm 98 N·m (72 lb·ft) @ 3000rpm 9.6:1
1.2 MPI 1,242 cc (70.8 mm x 78.9 mm) I4 73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) @ 5000rpm 106 N·m (78 lb·ft) @ 4000rpm 9.8:1
1.2 16v 1,242 cc (70.8 mm x 78.9 mm) I4 86 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) @ 6000rpm 113 N·m (83 lb·ft) @ 4500rpm 10.2:1
1.4 Turbo 1,372 cc (80.5 mm x 67.4 mm) I4 131-136 PS (96-100 kW; 129-134 hp) @ 5600-5750rpm 200-208 N·m (148-153 lb·ft) @ 3000rpm 7.9:1
1.6 MPI 1,581 cc (86.4 mm x 67.4 mm) I4 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 5750rpm 129 N·m (95 lb·ft) @ 2750rpm 9.5:1
1.7 D 1,698 cc (82.6 mm x 79.2 mm) I4 57 PS (42 kW; 56 hp) @ 4500rpm 98 N·m (72 lb·ft) @ 2500rpm 19:1
1.7 TDS 1,698 cc (82.6 mm x 79.2 mm) I4 64 PS (46 kW; 63 hp) @ 4500rpm 118 N·m (87 lb·ft) @ 2500rpm 19:1
1.7 Turbo D 1,698 cc (82.6 mm x 79.2 mm) I4 72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) @ 4500rpm 137 N·m (101 lb·ft) @ 2500rpm 19:1

2nd generation (Type 188) (1999–2003)

2nd generation
Fiat Punto Mk. 2
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Production 1999–2003
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
Engine 1.2 L 8v I4
1.2 L 16v I4
1.8 L 16v I4
1.9 L DS/JTD I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual (Sporting)
6 or 7-speed CVT/semi-auto (Speedgear)
Wheelbase 2,460 mm (97 in)
Length 3,800 mm (150 in)
Width 1,660 mm (65 in)
Height 1,480 mm (58 in)
Curb weight 860–1050 kg (1895–2314 lb)
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Idea
Lancia Ypsilon
Lancia Musa

The second generation Nuova (New) Punto, codenamed Project 188, was launched in late 1999. The styling was all-new while retaining the original Punto's distinctive shape and design, while the chassis and interior were completely overhauled. The new Punto also became the first Fiat in decades to carry the original round Fiat badge, to celebrate Fiat's centenary.

Entry level

The 1.1 and 1.4 turbo engines were discontinued due to emissions issues, and the entry-level models had only a 1.2 petrol unit (with either 8 or 16 valves, giving 60 and 80 hp (60 kW) respectively) or a 1.9 diesel (with or without common-rail injection)

Sporting versions

Two sporty versions were offered. The 1.2 16 valve Sporting model with a 6-speed manual, and the hot 1.8 HGT which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h). The 1.2 16V model also has a Speedgear CVT-equipped variant (with a sequential manual shift mode consisting of 6 gears, 7 for the Sporting model). The 1.8 HGT accelerates 0-60 in 8.0 seconds. It was considered a big improvement in handling over the Mark 1 GT. The HGT was also available (in limited numbers) as an "HGT Abarth" which added deeper bumpers, rear spoiler, side skirts, new alloy wheels and interior trim. The HGT Abarth had no technical improvements over the regular HGT.

Power steering

The second generation Punto has also adopted Dualdrive electric power steering and comes with two operation modes, using an electric motor, rather than a hydraulic pump driven by the engine. This results in reduced fuel consumption and less environmental impact. It has a fuel economy of 5.6 L/100 km (50 mpg-imp; 42 mpg-US) - urban and 3.9 L/100 km (72 mpg-imp; 60 mpg-US) - extra urban for the 1.9 diesel. The 1.8 petrol does 8.8 L/100 km (32 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US) - urban and 5.3 L/100 km (53 mpg-imp; 44 mpg-US) - extra urban.

Specifications

Capacity 1242–1910 cc
Power 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp)-130 PS (96 kW; 130 hp)
Max. speed 153 km/h (95 mph)-205 km/h (127 mph)
Acceleration 0–100 km/h: 15.0–8.0 seconds


2nd generation facelift (2003–2010)

2nd generation facelift
MK2b Punto
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Also called Fiat Punto Classic
Zastava 10
Production 2003–2010 (Italy)[2]
2005–present (Serbia)[3]
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
3-door van
Engine 1.2 L 8v I4 (103.2 g/km CO2 emissions)[4]
1.2 L 16v I4
1.4 L 16v I4
1.3 L MultiJet I4
1.8 L 16v I4
1.9 L JTD/MultiJet I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed semi-Auto
5-speed seq. manual (Dualogic)
Wheelbase 2,460 mm (97 in)
Length 3,800 mm (150 in)
Width 1,660 mm (65 in)
Height 1,480 mm (58 in)
Curb weight 860–1050 kg (1895–2314 lb)

In early 2003, Fiat celebrated the rollout of the 5,000,000th production Punto. In the same year, the second generation facelift brought further revisions to the platform, including extensive changes to the exterior styling and engines, partly due to changes in pedestrian safety regulations.

The round Fiat badge, found only on the bonnet of second generation models, was introduced on the tailgate of the second generation facelift. On June 1, 2005, Fiat produced the 6,000,000th Punto at the Melfi plant. This Punto was the fourth-best selling supermini in Europe.Template:Citation needed

Engines

Engine changes included a new 1.4 16v engine, alongside the staple 1.2 & 1.2 16v variants, and the introduction of two HGT versions, 1.9 L MultiJet diesel, and 1.8 L 16v petrol engine which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h) continued over from the Mark 2. There was an introduction also of the 1.3 L common rail diesel MultiJet engine.

Specifications

Capacity 1242–1910 cc
Power 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp)-130 PS (96 kW; 130 hp)
Max. speed 154 km/h (96 mph)-207 km/h (129 mph)
Acceleration 0–100 km/h: 14.7–8.1 seconds

Punto Classic

Despite the launch of the slightly larger Grande Punto in 2005, the 1999 Punto is still in production and sold in many emerging markets in addition to the newer versions, and was launched for the first time in Chile in 2007.[5]

Zastava 10

In October 2005, Serbian manufacturer Zastava reached an agreement with Fiat to make this version under licence in Kragujevac, Serbia with the model name Zastava 10. After acquiring a majority stake in Zastava in autumn 2008, Fiat continued production of this vehicle under the Fiat Punto Classic name in March, 2009. As of 2012 it remains in production.[6] It is available in a 1.2 petrol or PLG 60 PS (44 kW; 59 bhp) and 1.3 diesel 70 PS (51 kW; 69 bhp).


Grande Punto (2005–present)

The fully new Grande Punto codenamed Project 199, was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show and went on sale later on that year. Again styled by Giugiaro,[7] the car is using the Fiat/GM SCCS platform.

Punto Evo (2009–present)

In 2009 the Grande Punto was re-named Punto Evo and given some minor styling tweaks including a new front and revised rear lights. It also received a new interior.


Punto Van

The Punto Van is a compact van that is used in a commercial environment. It is built also with a diesel 1.3 MultiJet 16v commercial model.

Punto in motorsport

The Punto has always been popular with amateur racing drivers due to its low cost and the wide availability of spare parts. Several competition and homologated versions of the Punto have been produced, such as the Punto Rally, the S1600 and the Punto Abarth. A new rally car based on the third generation Punto, the Super 2000 Punto Abarth, was unveiled in 2005. It is four-wheel drive and powered by a 2.0 L 16 valve engine capable of producing 280 hp (210 kW).

Punto has competed in the following motorsport events;

  • Targa Tasmania, Showroom class, (2007) the first diesel car to compete.

Punto won several rally championships, especially:

  • Italian rally championship (2003 and 2006)
  • European rally championship (2006)
  • International rally challenge (2006)

A motorsport version of the car can be found in several liveries in the video games Colin McRae Rally 04, Colin McRae: DiRT and Sega Rally Revo.

Footnotes

External links

Template:Commons category

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