Oldsmobile 98

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Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight
1969 Ninety-Eight Holiday Coupe
1969 Oldsmobile 98 Holiday Coupe
Manufacturer General Motors
Also called Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser 98
Oldsmobile Futuramic 98
Oldsmobile Starfire 98
Oldsmobile Classic 98
Production 1940–1996
Predecessor Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser 90
Successor Oldsmobile Regency
Class Full-size

The Oldsmobile 98 (originally Series 90; a.k.a. Ninety-Eight) was a full-size automobile and the flagship model of the Oldsmobile division of General Motors. The name first appeared in 1941 and was used again after American consumer automobile production resumed post-World War II. It was, as it would remain, the top-of-the-line model, with lesser Oldsmobiles having lower numbers such as 66 and 76. These were replaced by the Oldsmobile 88 in 1949, and the two number-names would carry on into the 1990s as the bread and butter of the full-size Oldsmobile lineup until the Oldsmobile Regency would replace it in 1997.

Occasionally additional nomenclature was used with the name, such as L/S and Holiday, and the 98 Regency badge would become increasingly common in the later years of the model. The 98 shared its General Motors C-body platform with Buick and Cadillac.

As it was the top-line Oldsmobile, the series had the most technologically advanced items available, such as the Hydramatic automatic transmission, the Autronic Eye, an automatic headlight dimmer, and Twilight Sentinel (a feature that automatically turned the headlights on and off via a timer, as controlled by the driver), and the highest-grade interior and exterior trim.

Contents

First generation (1941–1947)

First generation
1947 Oldsmobile 98
1947 Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser 98 coupe
Model years 1941–1947
Assembly South Gate, California, USA
Kansas City, Kansas, United States
Lansing, Michigan, United States
Linden, New Jersey, United States
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
2-door convertible
4-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Platform C-body
Engine 257 cu in (4.2 L) Oldsmobile I8
Transmission 3-speed synchromesh manual
4-speed Hydramatic automatic
Wheelbase 1941:125.0 in (3,175 mm)[1]
1942-47: 127.0 in (3,226 mm)
Length 1941: 213.0 in (5,410 mm)
1942-47: 216.0 in (5,486 mm)[2]
Curb weight 3,600–4,300 lb (1,600–2,000 kg)
Related Cadillac Series 62
Buick Roadmaster
Buick Super
Pontiac Torpedo
Designer Harley Earl

Naming standards were in flux at Oldsmobile during the late 1930s and 1940s. From 1932 through 1938 Oldsmobile had two series: "F" and "L". Series F came with a straight-6 engine and Series L came with a larger body and a straight-8 engine. Series F was renamed Series 60 in 1939 and Series L was replaced with the Series 70 and 80, with the Series 70 and 80 being powered by the straight-6 and the straight-8 respectively. In 1940 an even larger body was introduced and it alone was powered by the straight-8. In order to differentiate it from the previous year's Series 80 it was named Series 90 (there was no Series 80 that year). The series were also given names for the first time that year with the Series 60, 70 and 90 being called the Special, Dynamic and Custom Cruiser respectively. In 1941 both engines were offered on each series so to differentiate between the two the second digit was used to denote the number of cylinders, so the Custom Cruiser 90 was replaced with the Custom Cruiser 96 and 98. In 1942 Oldsmobile dropped the six cylinder Series 90 model leaving only the Custom Cruiser 98.

The new C-body that the 1940 Oldsmobile 90 shared with Cadillac, Buick and Pontiac featured cutting-edge "torpedo" styling. Shoulder and hip room was over 5" wider, running boards were eliminated and the exterior was streamlined and 2-3" lower. When combined with a column mounted shift lever the cars offered true six passenger comfort. These changes had clearly been influenced by the Cadillac Sixty Special. The 1940 Custom Cruiser 90 and the 1941 Custom Cruiser 96 and 98 were available as a 4-door convertible. Only 119 were sold and this was the last time this bodystyle was ever offered on the 98. Hydramatic automatic transmission was a popular option.

In 1942 the Custom Cruiser 98 was once again the Oldsmobile entrant into the luxury market. Gone was the single year offering of the 96. All cars in this series were powered by the straight eight engine. Also gone in this shortened model year was the ultra rare 4-door convertible. An exclusive 127 inch wheelbase was used in the series.

Again in 1946 the Custom Cruiser 98 was the top of the Oldsmobile line. Three body styles were offered (a 4-door sedan, a 2-door Club coupe and a 2-door convertible) and all were eight cylinder powered. Technical features included electro hardened pistons, full pressure lubrication and automatic choke with fast idle mode. Standard equipment included front and rear bumper guards, vacuum boster pump, dual sun visors, cigarette lighter and plastic radiator ornament, wraparound bumpers, Deluxe instrument cluster clock, rear armrest and foam rubber sheet cusions. Tire size was 7.00 x 15 inches. Available upholstery was either leather, broadcloth or Bedford cord.

In 1947 the top of the line Custom Cruiser 98 again had three body styles. This was the last year for the 98 1942 prewar body. All 98s had the straight eight engine. Standard 98 equipment included safety glass, spare wheel and tire, dual horns, vacuum booster pump, cigarette lighter, and a selenoid starter system. Upholstery was either custom broadcloth or leather. Standard tire size was 7.00 x 15 inches. An electric clock was standard in 1947.[2]

Second generation (1948–1953)

1953 Oldsmobile 98 Convertible
Second generation
1949 Futuramic 98 Coupe
1949 Oldsmobile Futuramic 98 coupe
Model years 1948–1953
Assembly South Gate, California, USA
Wilmington, Delaware, USA
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Kansas City, Kansas, USA
Framingham, Massachusetts, USA
Lansing, Michigan, USA
Linden, New Jersey, USA
Body style 2-door Club coupe
2-door Holiday hardtop
4-door sedan
4-door fastback Town Sedan
2-door convertible
2-door Fiesta convertible
Layout FR layout
Platform C-body
Engine 257 cu in (4.2 L) Oldsmobile I8
304 cu in (5.0 L) Rocket V8
Transmission 3-speed synchromesh manual
4-speed Hydramatic automatic
Wheelbase 1948-49: 125.0 in (3,175 mm)
1950-51: 122.0 in (3,099 mm)
1952-53: 124.0 in (3,150 mm)[3]
Length 1948-49: 213.0 in (5,410 mm)
1950: 209.0 in (5,309 mm)
1951: 208.0 in (5,283 mm)
1952: 213.0 in (5,410 mm)
1953: 215.0 in (5,461 mm)[4]
Curb weight 3,700–4,700 lb (1,700–2,100 kg)
Related Cadillac Series 62
Cadillac Series 61
Buick Roadmaster
Buick Super
Designer Harley Earl

For the first time since 1940 Oldsmobile offered totally different styling during a single model year. The top of the line 1948 Oldsmobile 98 drew heavily from the Futuramic styling concept that would be used on all 1949 Oldsmobiles. Standard equipment on 98s included a selenoid starter, fender skirts, E-Z-l rearview mirror and foam rubber seat cushions. The 98s also included front and rear bumper guards, vacuum booster pump, plastic radiator ornament, dual horns, dual sun visors, and cigarette lighter. Deluxe equipment added front and rear floor mats, Deluxe steering wheel, wheel trim rings, rear seat armrests and hydraulic window, seat and top controls on all convertibles. Upholstery was either broadcloth or leather. The standard tire size was 6.50 x 16. With the introduction of new postwar styling Custom Cruiser 98 was renamed the Futuramic 98.

The following year the new styling was joined by a new engine, the now famous Rocket V8. In February 1949, several months into the model year, General Motors introduced three highly styled "hardtop convertible" coupes, the Oldsmobile 98 Holiday, the Cadillac Series 62 Coupe de Ville and the Buick Roadmaster Riviera, the first hardtop coupes ever produced. The Holiday was exclusive to the 98 series that year. Available in four special Holiday colors, as well as four two-tone combinations, it was priced the same as the convertible, and was similarly equipped, with hydraulically operated windows and seat. Only 3006 Holidays were sold in its first year compared to 20,049 Club coupes.

The 1950 Oldsmobile 98 repeated its 1948 precedent of previewing some of next years styling cues for the 88. The 98 was restyled after only two years. It was the first totally slab sided Oldsmobile and the first sedan with wraparound rear windows. A 4-door 98 fastback appeared for one year only in 1950 and was called the Town Sedan, selling only 1,778 units. Standard equipment included bumper guards, dual horns, parking lamps, dome light, rubber floor mats, aluminum sill plates, foam rubber seat cushions, chrome interior trim, lined luggage compartment and counter balanced trunk lid. Deluxe 98 equipment included rear seat armrest, Deluxe electric clock, Deluxe steering wheel and horn button, special door trim and stainless steel wheel trim rings. Upholstery choices spanned nylon fabric, striped broadcloth or leather. Standard tire size was 7.60 x 15 inches. In 1950, Oldsmobile stopped naming the 98 series and so from then through 1996, with the exception of 1957 when it was called the Starfire 98, and in 1961 when it was called the Classic 98, it was simply known as the Oldsmobile 98. Sales of the 98 Holiday nearly tripled to 8263, approaching the 11,989 sold of the Club coupe. Given the rapidly growing popularity of the 2-door Holiday hardtop, 1950 was the last year for the pillared Club coupe.

The 98 topped the Oldsmobile line again for 1951. Three body styles available. The 4-door sedan and convertible came only with Deluxe equipment, while the Holiday hardtop was available with either Deluxe or Standard trim. The 98 standard equipment included bumper guards, cigarette lighter, dome light, rubber floor mats, stainless steel moldings, lined trunk, illuminated ashtray, foam rubber seat cushions and extra chrome moldings. Deluxe equipment was special rear door ornament, rear center armrests, Deluxe electric clock, Deluxe steering wheel with horn ring and special chrome trim. Upholstery choices were nylon cord, nylon cloth and leather. The pillared Club coupe was no longer offered. With the only choice in a closed 2-door 98 now being the hardtop, Holiday sales nearly doubled to 17,929 units.

In 1952 the 98 remained as the top of the line Oldsmobile. The series shared the higher output 160 HP Rocket V8 with the Super 88s. Standard equipment on the three body styles included bumper guards, gray rubber floor mats front and rear, electric clock, dual horns, aluminum door sill plates, chrome gravel guards, foam rubber seat cushions, turn signals, carpeting front and rear, stainless steel wheel trim rings, windshield washer and Deluxe steering wheel with horn ring. Upholstery selection was broadcloth or six colors of leather. Standard tire size was 8.00 x 15. For the first time power steering was an option. Another new option was the Autronic Eye, an automatic headlight dimmer, which in its initial year was shared only with Cadillac.

The standard equipment for 1953 included bumper guards, electric clock, lined trunk, dual horns, cigarette lighter, chrome moldings, twin interior sun visors, rear seat robe rails, special rear stainless steel trim , chrome window ventiplanes, windshield washer and Deluxe steering wheel with horn ring. In 1953 a padded safety dash also became standard on the 98.[4][5] For the first time air conditioning was an option.

1953 Oldsmobile 98 Fiesta

A new body style for 1953 was the Fiesta convertible. The Oldsmobile 98 Fiesta was one of three specialty convertibles produced in 1953 by General Motors, the other two being the Buick Roadmaster Skylark and the Cadillac Series 62 Eldorado. The Fiesta featured a cut-down belt line, a wraparound windshield that was three-inches lower than the standard 98's windshield, and special "spinner" hubcaps, which became a trademark on later Oldsmobiles and popular in the Kustom aftermarket as well. It had virtually every Oldsmobile option offered except air conditioning as standard equipment. Mechanically, the Fiesta had a special version of the standard 98 engine with special manifolding and an increase in compression of 8.3:1 over the standard 8.1:1, that at 170 horsepower produced 5 more than the standard 98 engine. A four speed Hydramatic automatic transmission and a faster rear axle rato were designed to keep the 4459 pound shipping weight Fiesta (compared to 4123 pound shipping weight of a standard 98 convertible) within the acceptable range of expected Oldsmobile performance. At $5,715 (over $700 more than the Skylark) the Fiesta was nearly twice the $2963 price of a standard 98 convertible and consequently only 458 units were produced compared to 7,521 of the standard 98 convertibles. The Fiesta convertible would be gone the next year but its name would be resurrected in 1957 to denote Oldsmobile station wagons.

Third generation (1954–1956)

1954 Oldsmobile 98 Holiday coupe
Third generation
1955 Oldsmobile 98 convertible
1955 Oldsmobile 98 Starfire convertible
Model years 1954–1956
Assembly South Gate, California, USA
Wilmington, Delaware, USA
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Kansas City, Kansas, USA
Framingham, Massachusetts, USA
Lansing, Michigan, USA
Linden, New Jersey, USA
Arlington, Texas, USA
Body style 2-door Holiday hardtop
4-door sedan
4-door Holiday hardtop
2-door Starfire convertible
Layout FR layout
Platform C-body
Engine 324 cu in (5.3 L) Rocket V8
Transmission 3-speed synchromesh manual
4-speed Hydramatic automatic
Wheelbase 126.0 in (3,200 mm)
Length 1954: 214.3 in (5,443 mm)[2]
1955: 212.0 in (5,385 mm)
1956: 212.3 in (5,392 mm)
Width 78.3 in (1,989 mm)
Curb weight 4,000–4,400 lb (1,800–2,000 kg)
Related Cadillac Series 62
Buick Roadmaster
Buick Super
Designer Harley Earl
1955 Oldsmobile 98
1956 Oldsmobile 98 Holiday sedan

In 1954, Oldsmobiles were redesigned across the line. A three body style 98 series was atop the Oldsmobile line. This year Oldsmobile dubbed the convertibles Starfires after the previous year's Starfire dream car. A slightly higher horsepower 324 cu in (5.3 L) Rocket V8 was shared with the Super 88 series. Standard 98 equipment included bumper guards, rubber simulated carpets front and rear, electric clock, lined trunk, dual horns, cigarette lighter, aluminum door sill plates, turn signals, chrome rocker panel moldings, deck lid ornament, foam rubber seat cushions, padded dash[4], parking brake light, courtesy light package, stainless steel wheel discs, windshield washer and Deluxe steering wheel with horn ring. Upholstery choices were nylon and leather, in a variety of colors. Standard tire size was 8.00 x 15 inches.

In 1955 the Oldsmobile 98 again had a longer wheelbase than the 88. Standard equipment included turn signals, bumper guards, stainless steel molfings, dual horns, cigarette lighter, front and rear floor mats, inside rearview mirror, foam rubber seat cushions, stainless steel rocker panel moldings, front seatback robe cord, spun glass hood insulation, rear window ventiplanes, electric clock, stainless steel wheel discs, custom cushion lounge seats front and rear, hand brake light, courtesy light package, padded dash, Deluxe steering wheel with horn ring and windshield washer. Upholstery choices were covert and pattern cloth, leather and pattern cloth, leather and nylon, and leather and dimple leather. Standard tire size was 7.60 x 15 inches. The optional air conditioning unit was moved to the engine bay instead of the trunk.[6] The turning diameter was 43ft.[7] The Hydramatic transmission gear selector had an S on it, which was used for better performance climbing hills.[8]

At mid-year, Olds introduced the new pillarless four-door hardtop body, dubbed the Holiday sedan, in the 98 series. The 4-door Oldsmobile 98 Holiday, along with the 4-door 88 Holiday and the 4-door Buick Century Riviera and 4-door Special Riviera, were the first 4-door hardtops ever produced.

Again in 1956 the top of the line Oldsmobile 98 series had an exclusive 126.0 in (3,200 mm) wheelbase, 4.0 in (100 mm) longer than the 88. Power came from the 240 horsepower Rocket V8 shared with the Super 88. Standard equipment included armrests, bumper guards, lined trunk, rotary door latches, dual horns, cigarette lighter, turn signals, rubber floor mats, aluminum door sill plates, sun visors, front and rear carpeting, foam rubber seat cushions, courtesy lights, front fender medallions, deck lid '98' script, back-up light moldings, electric clock, Jetaway Hydramatic Drive, padded dash, power steering, windshield washers and Deluxe steering wheel. Upholstery choices were pattern cloth and leather in a variety of colors and combinations. Standard tire size was 8.00 x 15 inches made by either U.S. Royal, Goodrich or Firestone. The parking brake was now a foot pedal.[9]

Fourth generation (1957-1958)

1957 Oldsmobile Starfire 98 Holiday coupe
Fourth generation
1957 Oldsmobile 98 convertible
1958 Oldsmobile 98 convertible
Model years 1957–1958
Assembly South Gate, California, USA
Wilmington, Delaware, USA
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Kansas City, Kansas, USA
Framingham, Massachusetts, USA
Lansing, Michigan, USA
Linden, New Jersey, USA
Arlington, Texas, USA
Body style 2-door Holiday hardtop
4-door sedan
4-door Holiday hardtop
2-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Platform C-body
Engine 371 cu in (6.1 L) Rocket V8
Transmission 4-speed Hydramatic automatic
Wheelbase 126.5 in (3,213 mm)
Length 216.7 in (5,504 mm)[10]
Width 76.4 in (1,941 mm)[10]
Curb weight 4,700–4,900 lb (2,100–2,200 kg)
Related Cadillac Series 62
Buick Roadmaster
Buick Super
Designer Harley Earl
1957 Oldsmobile Starfire 98 Holiday sedan
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1958 Oldsmobile 98

A complete reengineering greeted the Oldsmobile fans in 1957 with a retrograde three-piece rear window treatment. Again the top of the line Oldsmobile was 4 body style 98 series, this year officially titled "Starfire 98."[11] Standard equipment included armrests, turn signals, rubber floor mats, sun visors, front fender chrome script, exposed chrome roof bows, side interior courtest lights, electric windows,[2] special emblems, power steering, power brakes and Jetaway Hydramatic. Upholstery choices included a variety of cloth, morocceen and leather. Standard tire size was 9.00 x 14 inches. The standard engine was now the 371 cu in (6.1 L) Rocket V8.[12] A safety recessed steering wheel was added.[13] Front leg room was 43.8 inches.[2]

A major styling change was seen in 1958. The 98 series again had its own exclusive wheelbase of 126.5 inches while sharing the more powerful Rocket V8 with the Super 88. Four body styles were available. Standard series equipment included four headlights, oil filter, turn signals, printed circuit instrument cluster, aluminum anodized grille, padded dash, foam rubber padded seat cushions, courtesy lights, parking brake light, special side moldings, chrome rocker panel moldings, Hydramatic transmission, power steering and brakes, dual exhaust, electric clock, color accented wheel discs and chrome wheel frames. Interiors could be ordered in a variety of colored leathers, cloth and morocceen. Standard tires were 8.50 x 14 inches. Air suspension was added as an option.[14] Also new was a speed warning device.[15]

Fifth generation (1959–1960)

1959 Oldsmobile 98 Holiday sedan rear
Fifth generation
1959 Oldsmobile 98 Holiday sedan
1959 Oldsmobile 98 Holiday sedan
Model years 1959-1960
Assembly South Gate, California, USA
Wilmington, Delaware, USA
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Kansas City, Kansas, USA
Framingham, Massachusetts, USA
Lansing, Michigan, USA
Linden, New Jersey, USA
Arlington, Texas, USA
Body style 2-door Holiday hardtop
4-door sedan
4-door Holiday hardtop
2-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Platform C-body
Engine 394 cu in (6.5 L) Rocket V8
Transmission 4-speed Hydramatic automatic
Wheelbase 126.3 in (3,208 mm)
Length 1959: 223.0 in (5,664 mm)[16]
1960: 220.9 in (5,611 mm)
Curb weight 4,500–4,700 lb (2,000–2,100 kg)
Related Cadillac Eldorado
Cadillac Sixty Special
Cadillac De Ville
Cadillac Series 62
Buick Electra
Designer Bill Mitchell

In 1959, the Oldsmobile line-up was completely redesigned. However, unlike other GM makes (such as Chevrolet and Cadillac[17]) Oldsmobile continued to use a full perimeter frame, instead of the GM X-frame.[18] Oldsmobile stayed with its top series format by offering four body styles on an exclusive 126.3 in (3,208 mm) wheelbase. Standard equipment included oil filter, turn signals, air scoop brakes, Safety spectrum speedometer, rocker panel moldings, special emblems, parking brake light, sponge vinyl headliner, deep twist carpeting, electric clock, wheel trim moldings, power steering power brakes and Jetaway Hydramatic Drive. Interiors were selected from leather, moroccean or cloth in different colors. Standard tire size was 9.00 x14 inches. The 394 cu in (6.5 L), the largest first generation Rocket V8, was used from 1959 until 1964.

In 1960, once again the top of the line Oldsmobile series was the 98. Standard equipment included Safety-vee steering wheel, turn signals, air scoop brakes, electric windshield wipers, Safety-spectrum speedometer, carpets with rubber inserts, padded dash, courtesy lamps, wheel trim rings, Star-lite headliner, two-speed windshield wipers, chrome roof side moldings, Jetaway Hydramatic transmission, power steering, power brakes, windshield washers, electric clock and deep twist carpeting. Upholstery was fabric, leather or morocceen in a variety of colors. Tire size was 9.00 x 14 inches. An anti-spin rear axle was optional.[19]

Sixth generation (1961–1964)

Sixth generation
Model years 1961-1964
Body style 2-door hardtop
2-door convertible
4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
Layout FR layout
Platform C-body
Wheelbase 126.0 in (3,200 mm)
Related Cadillac Eldorado
Cadillac Sixty Special
Cadillac De Ville
Cadillac Series 62
Buick Electra
Designer Bill Mitchell

For 1961 only, it was renamed Classic 98; nevertheless, "most factory literature refers to the line as the Ninety-Eight."[12] Malcolm X owned a 1963 Oldsmobile 98—black, 4 door, hardtop—and it can be seen in the lobby of the Malcolm X College on the south side of Chicago.

Seventh generation (1965–1970)

Seventh generation
A 1965 Oldsmobile 98
1965 Oldsmobile 98
Model years 1965–1970
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
2-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Platform GM C platform
Engine 425 in³ (7.0 L) Super Rocket V8
455 in³ (7.4 L) Rocket V8
Transmission 3-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 1965-68: 126.0 in
1969-70: 127.0 in.
Length 224.4 in (5,700 mm)
Width 80.0 in (2,032 mm)
Height 54.8 in (1,392 mm)
Related Cadillac Eldorado
Cadillac De Ville
Cadillac Calais
Buick Electra

The 1965 Ninety-Eight received an all-new bodyshell along with other full-sized Oldsmobiles but retained a larger C-body shared with Cadillac in contrast with the B-body used in the Oldsmobile 88. The Ninety-Eight featured many of the lines found on 88s but with more squared off styling. Also new for 1965 was the Ninety-Eight Luxury Sedan, which featured an even more luxurious interior along with more standard amenities than the regular Ninety-Eight models such as power windows and seats. Most 98 LS's also had vinyl roofs, which were offered only in black that year. A new three-speed Turbo Hydra-Matic automatic transmission with torque converter replaced the Roto Hydramatic (Slim-Jim)that Olds had been using since 1961. Along with the transmission and bodyshell, the engine was also new for 1965. It was a 425 cubic-inch Super Rocket V8 that was more powerful and of a more efficient design than the older 394 cubic-inch V8 previously used, yet it was much lighter in weight. The Ninety-Eight's standard and only engine offering for 1965 was the four-barrel "Ultra High Compression" version of the 425 Super Rocket rated at 360 horsepower (270 kW). It was the last Oldsmobile 98 generation with a manual transmission.

1969

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With a 127 inch (10.6 feet) wheelbase, length of 224.4 inches (18.7 feet), width of 80.0 inches (6.7 feet), a height of 54.8 inches (4.5 feet), and a weight of 4,168 lbs. (2.084 tons), the Ninety-Eight's continued to be the largest models produced by Oldsmobile.

New to the Ninety-Eight series were a recessed padded instrument panel, anti-theft lock within the steering column, rear view mirror map light, mini-buckle seat belts, and deeply padded head restraints.

Standard for the Ninety-Eight's was the 365-HP 455 Rocket V-8 (7.5 liters) which required premium leaded gas; Turbo Hydra-Matic 400 transmission, power steering (vari-ratio), power brakes, power windows, power seat, custom sport seat, foam padded front seat, deluxe steering wheel, self regulating electric clock, and wheel discs (hub caps).

Some of the available options were a tilt-telescope steering wheel, instant horn, four season air conditioning with comfortron, tinted glass windshield, 6 way power seat, divided front seat with dual controls, power trunk release (vacuum), power control (power windows & power locks), power front disc brakes, am-fm stereo radio, rear seat speaker, stereo tape player (8-track), power operated antenna, door edge guards, cruise control, left outside remote control mirror, cornering lamps, anti-spin rear axle, vinyl roof, flo-thru ventilation, and safety sentinel.

Of the Ninety-Eight series, the 1969's were the only models to have an attached hood extension. After receiving numerous complaints from dealership mechanics about hitting their heads on the extension, Oldsmobile changed the style of the hood in 1970, removing the extension, which resulted in a flat hood design.

Between 1965 and 1975 Oldsmobile commissioned Cotner-Bevington to build professional cars, (ambulances and hearses), using the large Ninety-Eight chassis. Ironically, during the '60's (1968), the only Oldsmobile professionally made into a limousine was the smaller Toronado, known as the AQC Jetway 707.

In 1970, the length grew to 225.2 inches.[20]

Eighth generation (1971-1976)

Eighth generation
1971 Oldsmobile 98 coupe
1971 Oldsmobile 98 coupe
Model years 1971–1976
Assembly Lansing, Michigan, United States
Linden, New Jersey, United States
Body style 2-door hardtop
2-door coupe
4-door hardtop
Layout FR layout
Platform C-body
Engine 455 cu in (7.5 L) Rocket V8
Transmission 3-speed TH-400, automatic
Wheelbase 127.0 in (3,226 mm)
Length 1971: 226.1 in (5,743 mm)
1972: 227.8 in (5,786 mm)
1973: 230.3 in (5,850 mm)
1974–76: 232.2 in (5,898 mm)
Width 1971: 79.0 in (2,007 mm)
1972-73: 79.6 in (2,022 mm)
1974-75: 79.8 in (2,027 mm)
1976: 80.0 in (2,032 mm)
Height 1971-72: 54.6 in (1,387 mm)
1973: 54.7 in (1,389 mm)
1974-75: 54.2 in (1,377 mm)
1976: 54.7 in (1,389 mm)
Curb weight 4,700–5,200 lb (2,100–2,400 kg)
Related Cadillac De Ville
Cadillac Calais
Buick Electra
Buick Estate
Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser
Pontiac Grand Safari
Designer Bill Mitchell
1972 Oldsmobile 98 coupe

Oldsmobile built its biggest full-size car in 1971 although wheelbase was unchanged from 1970. The new GM full-size bodies, at 64.3" front shoulder room and 63.4" rear shoulder room set a record for interior width that would not be matched by any car until the full-size GM rear-wheel drive models of the early to mid 1990s. The 1971 through 1976 Ninety-Eight was very similar to the Oldsmobile 88 (which by now was called the "Delta 88") except the Ninety-Eight had a longer passenger compartment owing to its 3" longer wheelbase, and had rear Cadillac-esque tailfins to better differentiate between the two full-size models. The standard 455 cubic-inch Rocket V8 was rated at 340 hp (254 kW) and designed to run on lower octane regular lead, low-lead or unleaded gasoline for the first time this year thanks to a General Motors-mandate that all engines be designed to run on such fuels in preparation for the catalytic converter equipped cars of 1975 and later years that absolutely required unleaded gasoline. Despite this, a few 1975 and 1976 Ninety Eights were released from this catalytic converter requirement in Canada and were given certification along with exemption from requiring unleaded gasoline. V8's were progressively detuned as production wore on in line with tighter emission standards. Trunk mounted louvers for the flow through ventilation system were only found on 1971 models (as in many other GM models of 1971). The louvers were moved to the door jambs for 1972-1976 models.

They were the roomiest and longest Oldsmobiles ever built, specifically the 1974 to 1976 models when federally mandated 5 mph (8.0 km/h) bumpers were added both front and rear that increased the overall length of the cars by several inches to 232.2 (5898 mm)

From 1971 to 1976, Oldsmobile's full-sized Custom Cruiser station wagon shared the 127.0-inch (3,230 mm) wheelbase and 455 cubic-inch V8 with the Oldsmobile 98, and shared its interior and exterior styling, in particular the 98's distinctive front fascia and rear quarter panels complete with fender skirts. These were the first Oldsmobile station wagons ever to be built on Oldsmobile's largest chassis. The Custom Cruiser wagons, as did other GM full-sized wagons during these years, used a unique rear suspension with multi-leaf springs instead of the coil springs used on other full-sized Oldsmobiles, and other full-sized GM cars. The Custom Cruiser wagons also featured a new 'Clamshell' tailgate design where the rear power-operated glass slid up into the roof as the tailgate (manually or with power assist), slid into a recess under the cargo floor. The power tailgate, the first in station wagon history, ultimately supplanted the manual tailgate, which required marked effort to lift from storage. It was operated by switches on the instrument panel or a key switch on the rear quarter panel. The Clamshell system, heavy and complex, made it easier to load and unload the extremely long wagons in tight spaces. But it remained un-adopted by any other manufacturer, and would be eliminated when GM reduced the length of their wagons by about a foot in 1977, and the overriding concern became increased fuel economy.

At 5,161 lb (2,341 kg) shipping weight (5,186 lb (2,352 kg) with woodgrain), or about 5,400 lb (2,400 kg) curb weight, the three-seat 1974 Custom Cruiser wagons are easily the heaviest Oldsmobiles ever built.

The 1974-76 Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight (as well as all full-size Oldsmobiles, Buicks and Cadillacs) were among the first US production cars to offer an air bag option beginning in 1974. Very few cars were so equipped. The high cost ($700) plus public uncertainty about the yet-to-be proven safety systems that are now universal in today's automobiles saw quite handily to that.

Ninety Eight Regency

1976 Oldsmobile 98 Regency coupe
1976 Oldsmobile 98 Regency

For the 1972 model year, the Limited Edition Regency was offered to commemorate Oldsmobile's 75th anniversary. Each 1972 Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight Regency was registered at Tiffany's and included the specially styled interior with a black or covert "pillow effect" velour upholstery, and power split bench seat, in place of the power bench seat with rear clock. Tiffany touches include the Tiffany Gold paint (an exclusive custom metallic color created especially for this car), the clock has also been specially styled by Tiffany's and bears a white Oldsmobile emblem above the Tiffany's name on a golden face. Each 1972 Regency owner received a distinctive sterling silver key ring as a gift, if ever lost the keys could be dropped in a mail box, and Tiffany's would return them to the owner. A total of 2650 75th anniversary Ninety-Eight Regencys were built, all of them 4 door hardtops. In 1973 the non-anniversary Regency stayed in the line up slotted just above the LS. The Regency package would remain available on the Ninety Eight throughout the 1996 model year when it would become a separate model nameplate.

Ninth generation (1977–1984)

Ninth generation
1978 Ninety-Eight Regency
1978 Oldsmobile 98 Regency
Model years 1977–1984
Assembly Lansing, Michigan, United States
Linden, New Jersey, United States
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
Layout FR layout
Platform GM C platform
Engine 252 in³ (4.1 L) Buick V6
307 in³ (5.0 L) Oldsmobile V8
350 in³ (5.7 L) Oldsmobile V8
350 in³ (5.7 L) Oldsmobile diesel V8
403 in³ (6.6 L) Oldsmobile V8
Transmission 3-speed TH350 automatic
3-speed TH400 automatic
4-speed THM 200-4R automatic
Wheelbase 119.0 in (3,023 mm)
Length 221.4 in (5,624 mm)
Width 76.3 in (1,938 mm)
Height 55.3 in (1,405 mm)
Related Cadillac Fleetwood Brougham
Cadillac De Ville
Buick Electra

The 1977 model was extensively redone and downsized, at the same time as the Oldsmobile 88. The new models, at around 4000 pounds curb weight, were over 800 pounds lighter, but headroom and rear seat legroom were increased compared to equivalent 1976 models. The 455 in³ engine was replaced by the smaller 403 in³ V8. The Olds 350 was now standard. A diesel version of the 350 was added in 1978. Beginning in 1979, production of the 98 was exclusive to Lansing as Linden Assembly was retooled to build the E-body cars.

Size comparison between 1974 and 1977 Oldsmobile 98

1974 Oldsmobile 98 1977 Oldsmobile 98
Wheelbase 127.0 in (3,226 mm) 119.0 in (3,023 mm)
Overall Length 232.2 in (5,898 mm) 220.4 in (5,598 mm)
Width 79.8 in (2,027 mm) 76.8 in (1,951 mm)
Height 54.2 in (1,377 mm) 56.6 in (1,438 mm)
Front Headroom 39.3 in (998 mm) 39.3 in (998 mm)
Front Legroom 42.2 in (1,072 mm) 42.2 in (1,072 mm)
Front Hip Room 62.3 in (1,582 mm) 55.0 in (1,397 mm)
Front Shoulder Room 64.3 in (1,633 mm) 60.6 in (1,539 mm)
Rear Headroom 38.2 in (970 mm) 38.0 in (965 mm)
Rear Legroom–ins. 40.8 in (1,036 mm) 40.9 in (1,039 mm)
Rear Hip Room 62.8 in (1,595 mm) 55.7 in (1,415 mm)
Rear Shoulder Room 63.4 in (1,610 mm) 60.6 in (1,539 mm)
Luggage Capacity 22.3 cu ft (631 L) 20.3 cu ft (575 L)
1979 Oldsmobile Ninety- Eight sedan
1980–1984 Oldsmobile Ninety Eight Coupe

Base LS models were available as sedans only, and the premium Regency model came as either a coupe or a sedan. 1981 saw the introduction of Buick's 252 in³ V6 as standard, as well as a new 4-speed THM200-4R automatic transmission. The new Regency Brougham model was introduced for 1982. This car featured plush "Prima" velour seats with embroidered emblems, cut pile carpeting, and electroluminescent opera lamps on the B-pillars. The LS model was discontinued. The 1983 models received a new grille, but were otherwise unchanged. The federal 5 mph (8.0 km/h) impact standard was rolled back for 1984, prompting GM to make major changes to the bumpers to save weight; predictably, this drastically reduced their effectiveness. An 8-track tape player was no longer an option.

Production ended in March 1984. These cars were actually sold concurrently with the new front-wheel drive 1985 model.[21] The body style reference in GM Manufacturing became "D" for the carryover RWD models, and the new FWD cars became C-bodies (as was the former designation for the RWD cars).

Tenth generation (1985–1990)

Tenth generation
1987 Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight sedan
1987 Oldsmobile 98 sedan
Model years 1985–1990
Assembly Wentzville, Missouri, United States
Lake Orion, Michigan, United States
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
Layout FF layout
Platform GM C platform
Engine 3.0 L Buick V6
3.8 L Buick V6
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 110.8 in (2,814 mm)
Length 1987–88: 196.4 in (4,989 mm)
1989–1990: 196.3 in (4,986 mm)
Width 1987–88: 72.4 in (1,839 mm)
1989–1990: 72.6 in (1,844 mm)
Height 1987–88: 55.1 in (1,400 mm)
1989–1990: 54.8 in (1,392 mm)
Related Cadillac Sixty Special
Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac De Ville
Buick Electra

1985 saw the Ninety-Eight downsized for a second time, this time switching from rear-wheel drive to a new front-wheel drive platform, with sales beginning in April 1984.[21] Although this Ninety-Eight was nearly 25.0 in (635 mm) shorter in length and weighed over 700 lb (318 kg) less than its predecessor,[22] passenger space was nearly equal to 1984 models. Buyers seemed to prefer this new, more manageable Ninety-Eight, as 1985 model year sales, at 169,432 units, were more than double 1984's 76,833 units.[23]

Size comparison between 1984 and 1985 Oldsmobile 98 [22]

1984 Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight Regency Brougham sedan 1985 Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight Regency Brougham sedan
Wheelbase 119.0 in (3,023 mm) 110.8 in (2,814 mm)
Overall Length 221.1 in (5,616 mm) 196.4 in (4,989 mm)
Width 76.3 in (1,938 mm) 71.4 in (1,814 mm)
Height 58.0 in (1,473 mm) 56.0 in (1,422 mm)
Curb Weight 4,024 lb (1,825 kg) 3,292 lb (1,493 kg)
Front Headroom 39.5 in (1,003 mm) 39.3 in (998 mm)
Front Legroom 42.2 in (1,072 mm) 42.4 in (1,077 mm)
Front Shoulder Room 59.6 in (1,514 mm) 58.9 in (1,496 mm)
Rear Headroom 38.1 in (968 mm) 38.1 in (968 mm)
Rear Legroom 41.7 in (1,059 mm) 40.8 in (1,036 mm)
Rear Shoulder Room 59.8 in (1,519 mm) 58.8 in (1,494 mm)
Luggage Capacity 20.5 cu ft (580 L) 15.7 cu ft (445 L)

As in previous years, the 1985 Ninety-Eight was available as a 4-door sedan and a 2-door coupe, in either Regency or Regency Brougham trim. Both models came with standard velour seating, with Sierra grain leather optional on both.[24] For the first year, the Buick 181 in³ V6 was the standard powerplant. V8 engines were gone for good, never to return to the Ninety-Eight. Optional engines were Buick's 231 and Oldsmobile's 263 in³ diesel V6. The 3.0 gas V6 and 4.3 diesel V6 were dropped for 1986.

1986 Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight coupe
1988 Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight Touring Sedan

Oldsmobile consistently improved this generation Ninety-Eight over its six-year run, treating it to yearly updates. A special "Grande" package was offered in 1986 and 1987 only, featuring composite headlights and specific front end panel (1986 only), and 45/45 leather seats with pigskin inserts and console with combination lock. For 1987, all Ninety-Eights received a new grille with flush composite headlamps. The performance-oriented Touring Sedan model was also introduced this year.[25] It consisted of leather seats designed by Lear Jet company, and onboard computer (1988-1990 only), FE3 sport suspension, self closing trunk, burled walnut interior, console shifter, and 16 inch alloy wheels (1988 and up years)(1987 featured 15 inch alloy wheels). 1988 saw the discontinuation of the slow-selling 2-door coupe body style. For the 1989 model year, the Ninety-Eight saw another grille change and the addition of an optional driver's-side airbag. The number of Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight's ordered with an airbag are rare. Keyless entry was available for 1990. By 1990, its final model year, the tenth-generation Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight was peaking in terms of mechanic perfection. It had a new harmonic balancer and increased horsepower from the somewhat sluggish 1985 models. Other interesting features on the 1990 included Twilight Sentinel headlights, as well as an on-board computer with an oil life monitor. It was called the Driver Information System.

Engines:

Year Engine Power Torque
1985 3.0 L Buick V6 110 hp (82 kW) at 4800 rpm 145 lb·ft (197 N·m) at 2600 rpm
1985 3.8 L Buick MPFI V6 125 hp (93 kW) at 4400 rpm 195 lb·ft (264 N·m) at 2000 rpm
1985 4.3 L Oldsmobile Diesel V6 85 hp (63 kW) 165 lb·ft (224 N·m)
1986 3.8 L Buick SFI V6 140 hp (104 kW) at 4400 rpm 200 lb·ft (270 N·m) at 2000 rpm
1987 150 hp (112 kW) at 4400 rpm 200 lb·ft (270 N·m) at 2000 rpm
1988 160 hp (119 kW) at 5200 rpm
1990 3.8 L Buick LN3 V6 165 hp (123 kW) at 5200 rpm 210 lb·ft (285 N·m) at 2000 rpm

Eleventh generation (1991–1996)

Eleventh generation
Last-generation Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight
1991-1996 Oldsmobile 98
Model years 1991–1996
Assembly Lake Orion, Michigan, United States
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FF layout
Platform GM C platform
Engine 3.8 L Buick V6
Transmission 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 110.8 in (2,814 mm)
Length 205.7 in (5,225 mm)
1991–93 Touring: 205.8 in (5,227 mm)
Width 74.6 in (1,895 mm)
Height 54.8 in (1,392 mm)
Related Cadillac Sixty Special
Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac De Ville
Buick Park Avenue

The final redesigned generation of the Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight coincided with its 50th anniversary in 1991. The added length, rear fender skirts, wide tail, low nose, and split-grille with wraparound headlights gave this generation Ninety-Eight a far more distinctive appearance than its predecessor. Designers of the Ninety-Eight wanted to create a distinctive luxury car look that buyers would not confuse with a similar Buick or Pontiac sedan.[26] The final generation of the Ninety-Eight would also prove to be the shortest, seeing its last year in 1996.

Although wheelbase was unchanged from the previous generation, overall length increased by over 9 inches (229 mm).[27] Most of this extra space was added to the rear of the car, resulting in a larger trunk. Although throughout the model years names of the trim levels changed, the final generation Ninety-Eight was available in two main models: the traditional luxury-oriented Regency models and the performance-oriented Touring models. Regency models included 6-passenger seating in either velour or leather, column shifter, and the 170 horsepower (130 kW) 3.8 L Buick V6. Touring models featured the FE3 suspension package, a 205 hp (upped to 225 hp in 1994) supercharged version of the standard 3.8 L Buick V6, 18 gallon fuel tank, 16-inch wheels, and standard 5-passenger leather seating designed by Lear Seating.

With the introduction of the Aurora a year earlier, the Ninety-Eight was discontinued for 1996, ending production on May 31.[28] To fill the void, two Eighty-Eight relatives – the Regency and the LSS – were introduced. The sporty LSS featured the steel front fenders, while the more stately and traditional Regency 88's had the carryover GTX-composite (plastic) fenders from the 1996 Ninety Eight. The LSS model proved more popular to buyers than the Regency during the 1997-98 model years.

Engines:

  • 1991–1996 3.8 L (231 in³) V6
  • 1992–1995 3.8 L (231 in³) supercharged V6

Trim Levels:

  • Regency Elite - 1991–1996
  • Touring - 1991–1993
  • Regency - 1992–1994
  • Touring Supercharged - 1992–1993
  • Regency Special - 1993–1994
  • Regency Supercharged - 1994
  • Regency Elite Supercharged - 1995

References

  1. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1941_Oldsmobile/1941_Oldsmobile_Prestige_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1941_Oldsmobile/1941_Oldsmobile_Prestige_Brochure/1941%20Oldsmobile%20Prestige-30-31.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Flory, Jr., J. "Kelly" (2008). American Cars, 1946-1959 Every Model Every Year. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7864-3229-5. 
  3. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1953 Oldsmobile/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1953%20Oldsmobile/album/1953%20Oldsmobile-24.html. Retrieved 2011-11-09. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Flory, Jr., J. "Kelly" (2008). American Cars, 1946-1959 Every Model Every Year. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7864-3229-5. 
  5. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1953 Oldsmobile/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1953%20Oldsmobile/album/1953%20Oldsmobile-10.html. Retrieved 2011-11-09. 
  6. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1955 Oldsmobile/1955_Oldsmobile_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1955%20Oldsmobile/1955_Oldsmobile_Brochure/1955%20Oldsmobile-30-31.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  7. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1955 Oldsmobile/1955_Oldsmobile_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1955%20Oldsmobile/1955_Oldsmobile_Brochure/1955%20Oldsmobile-32.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  8. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1955%20Oldsmobile/album_001/1955%20Oldsmobile%20Manual-09.html
  9. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1956 Oldsmobile/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1956%20Oldsmobile/album/1956%20Oldsmobile-14.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1957 Oldsmobile/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1957%20Oldsmobile/album/1957%20Oldsmobile-16.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  11. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1957 Oldsmobile/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1957%20Oldsmobile/album/1957%20Oldsmobile-10.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 Flory, J. "Kelly", Jr. American Cars 1960-1972 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Coy, 2004), p.118.
  13. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1957 Oldsmobile/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1957%20Oldsmobile/album/1957%20Oldsmobile-15.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  14. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1958_Oldsmobile/1958_Oldsmobile_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1958_Oldsmobile/1958_Oldsmobile_Brochure/1958%20Oldsmobile-24-25.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  15. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1958_Oldsmobile/1958_Oldsmobile_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1958_Oldsmobile/1958_Oldsmobile_Brochure/1958%20Oldsmobile-28-29.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  16. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1959 Oldsmobile/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1959%20Oldsmobile/album/1959%20Oldsmobile-30-31.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  17. "Directory Index: Cadillac/1959_Cadillac/1959_Cadillac_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Cadillac/1959_Cadillac/1959_Cadillac_Brochure/1959%20Cadillac-15.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  18. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1959 Oldsmobile/album". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1959%20Oldsmobile/album/1959%20Oldsmobile-26-27.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  19. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1960 Oldsmobile/1960 Oldsmobile Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1960%20Oldsmobile/1960%20Oldsmobile%20Brochure/1960%20Oldsmobile-26-27.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  20. "Directory Index: Oldsmobile/1970 Oldsmobile/1970_Oldsmobile_Prestige_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. http://www.oldcarbrochures.com/static/NA/Oldsmobile/1970%20Oldsmobile/1970_Oldsmobile_Prestige_Brochure/1970%20Oldsmobile%20Prestige-48.html. Retrieved 2011-12-31. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 Stark, Harry A (February 1984). "C-car conundrum: selling two different cars with one name". Ward's Auto World. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3165/is_v20/ai_3121734. Retrieved 2007-04-01. 
  22. 22.0 22.1 Oldsmobile Sales Material "1985 Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight Regency Marketing Guide", authorized by General Motors Corporation
  23. Encyclopedia of American Cars "Oldsmobile" p.663: "Oldsmobile Production Figures."
  24. Oldsmobile Sales Material "1985 Oldsmobile Ninety-Eight Sales Brochure", authorized by General Motors Corporation
  25. Oldsmobile Sales Material "1987 Oldsmobile Line Sales Brochure, Vol. I", authorized by General Motors Corporation
  26. "MW 1991 Oldsmobile Ninety Eight Touring Sedan Road Test". Youtube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cok3qfkNLNI. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  27. "How Oldsmobile Cars Work: 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 Oldsmobile Cars" by the Auto Editors of Consumer Guide, retrieved on 2010–05–17.
  28. Ward's Automotive Yearbook 1997. Ward's Communications, Inc. 1997. 

External links

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