Subaru Impreza

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Subaru Impreza
2007–2010 Subaru Impreza RS hatchback (Australia)
Manufacturer Fuji Heavy Industries
Also called Subaru B3 (Israel only, 2007-present)
Production 1993–present
Assembly Ōta, Gunma, Japan
Predecessor Subaru Leone/Loyale
Class Compact

The Subaru Impreza is a compact car that was first introduced by Fuji Heavy Industries in 1993 after the popular Leone/Loyale was cancelled with the aging EA series engine. The Impreza was introduced with the popular EJ series engine found in the larger Subaru Legacy. In Japan, the Impreza sells more than the larger Legacy due to Japanese vehicle size legislation, which offers a reduced tax liability because of its smaller exterior dimensions.

Compared to vehicles in a similar size class such as Toyota Corolla, Honda Civic, Nissan Sentra, Suzuki SX4, Mitsubishi Lancer (including Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution) and Mazda Protegé/Mazda Axela, only the Impreza has always offered AWD. Subaru Impreza made this feature standard equipment in all trims, while its competitor, Mitsubishi Lancer puts this feature to Ralliart trims and Evolution versions. Subaru produces a lower volume of slightly upscale, well-equipped, sportier Impreza models, unlike other contemporaries in the compact category that offer no-frills base trims. [1]

Subaru chose to continue their longstanding use of the boxer engine in the Impreza. According to Subaru, their configuration of the engine inline with the transmission minimizes body roll due to the lower center of gravity compared with offset engines in most other vehicles. This is similar to the design of the Citroen 2CV, providing light weight and compact, economic design for basic cars. The boxer design provides good vibration mitigation due to the principles of a balanced engine because the movement of each piston is largely countered by a piston in the opposing cylinder bank, eliminating the need for a counter-rotating weighted crankshaft (harmonic balancer), but with some vibration from offsets. Torque steer is also reduced with this type of powertrain layout since the front drive shafts are of equal length and weight.[2]


First generation (GC/GF/GM)

First generation
Production 1992–2001
Assembly Ōta, Gunma, Japan
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Layout Boxer Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine 1.8 L 82 kW (111 PS; 110 hp) H4
2.0 L Turbo 155–209 kW (211–284 PS; 208–280 hp) H4
2.2 L 108 kW (147 PS; 145 hp) H4
2.5 L 115 kW (156 PS; 154 hp) H4
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,520 mm (99.2 in)
Length 4,375 mm (172.2 in)
Width 1,705 mm (67.1 in)
Height 1,410 mm (55.5 in)
1,430 mm (56.3 in) (1999–2001 Outback Sport)
Curb weight 1220 kg

Subaru Forester

Subaru Outback Sport

Introduced in November 1993, the Impreza was offered in either front-wheel drive (FWD) or all-wheel drive (AWD) versions and as a four-door sedan/saloon or five-door station wagon/estate. According to a Motor Trend article written March 1992 on page 26, the name of Subaru's new compact was, initially, to be called the Loyale, displaying an official photograph of the 4-door sedan. In late 1995, a two-door coupe was introduced. The Impreza, like many Subaru-built cars, was equipped with a flat engine, a distinguishing Subaru characteristic. Initial engine choices included 1.6 L, 1.8 L and 2.0 L naturally aspirated engines as well as the turbocharged and intercooled 2.0 L engine. The basic turbocharged motor, the EJ20, produced from 179 kW (243 PS; 240 bhp) to 210 kW (286 PS; 282 bhp) in Japanese market WRX trim depending on model and year. Outside Japan, the turbocharged model was initially rated at 155 kW (211 PS; 208 bhp) and marketed as the 2.0 Turbo, 2.0 GT, 2.0 GT Turbo, 2.0 WRX, or Turbo 2000 AWD in the United Kingdom.

Trim levels were LX, GL and Sport. LX models were front-wheel drive, and powered by a 1.6 L engine; these were four-door only. GL trim levels were either front-wheel drive (Subaru badged these 2WD) or all-wheel-drive (badged AWD); cars launched in 1993 had a choice of 1.6 and 1.8 flat-4 engines, the 1.6 being available with 2WD, the 1.8 an AWD version only. From 1996, the 1.6 and 1.8 versions were dropped (in the European market), and replaced by a 2.0 L engine. Sport versions had alloy wheels, and a 2.0 L engine only. These were "warm hatch" versions which were similar to the WRX, albeit less adorned.

In 1994, Subaru introduced Subaru Technica International (STi) versions of the Impreza WRX in the Japanese Domestic Market (JDM). These models were upgraded from the standard WRX in many categories, including blueprinted performance-tuned engines, transmissions, and suspensions. The STi versions of the Impreza were immensely successful in rallies and popular among street racers. Special edition STi models such as the S201 featured higher power ratings than the standard WRX STi, while later versions of the WRX STi were rated at 206 kW (280 PS; 276 bhp) due to the Japanese manufacturers' informal agreements around power ratings. Its top speed was electronically limited at 180 km/h (110 mph) and it had a 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) time of 5.9 seconds in the UK Impreza Turbo 160 kW (218 PS; 215 bhp) version. 2006 WRX STI claimed 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 5.4 seconds.[3] RA (Race Altered) strippo versions of the WRX and STi were also available in the Japanese market. Targeted for race and rally, the RA versions were generally lighter in weight; featuring reduced soundproofing, manual windows, no air conditioning, and added racing features such as more robust engines, driver controlled center differentials, and shorter gearing.

Special editions of the Impreza were very common in Japan and Europe, many coinciding with a significant World Rally Championship victory. These editions included the Series McRae, 555, Catalunya, Terzo, RB5, P1, and 22B, the latter still considered by many to be the ultimate Impreza of all time with its wide arched rally style body.

During this generation, Subaru made a limited edition Impreza Sport Wagon called the CasaBlanca,[4] which had a retro front and rear end treatment, which was inspired by the popular kei car Subaru Vivio Bistro styling package and Subaru Sambar Dias Classic. The Sport Wagon was also offered with the WRX turbocharged engine, and was called the Gravel Express.

The Impreza received an external facelift for the 1997 model year, followed by an interior redesign in 1998, using the new redesigned dashboard from the Forester.

The European 1999–2000 turbo model received further upgrades in the form of more parts from the STi range. The front brakes became Subaru branded 4-pot calipers with 294 mm (11.6 in) discs, the wheels having become 410 mm (16 in) lightweight alloys from 1998 – previously 380 mm (15 in), vented rear discs, the Sti 4 high level wing was fitted to the saloon, Sti style front bucket seats and firmer suspension. The phase 2 engine now fitted developed 160 kW (218 PS; 215 bhp), an increase of 5 kW (7 PS; 7 bhp) over the previous model.

The story of the North American Impreza is much different than the rest of the world. North American markets never received a turbocharged version of the first generation Impreza (it was heavily rumored in 1998 and 1999). Subaru never had a performance image in North America, so Subaru initially offered the Impreza with the 1.8 L engine only, with either front- or all-wheel drive; a 2.2 L engine became optional in 1995. Subaru later decided to emphasize all-wheel drive, making it standard on every Impreza (and Legacy) from 1997 onwards.

There was a minority that knew of the Impreza's accomplishments overseas and was very interested in having a high-performance Impreza. To test the waters for a full-fledged turbo model Subaru showcased a turbocharged version of the Impreza at various car shows around the country. The vehicle was named the 2.5RX and is now located in Subaru of America's Cherry Hill, New Jersey storage facility. Subsequently the 2.5RS performance model was introduced in 1998 (the same year the 1.8 L engine was dropped). A naturally aspirated 123 kW (167 PS; 165 hp) 2.5 L DOHC engine and larger brakes, borrowed from the Legacy, were fitted into the coupe body with gold-colored 16" five-spoke wheels. The 2.5RS also featured several external cues from its overseas brethren such as hood vents, a hood scoop, and a rally-inspired rear spoiler. The 1999 model featured several changes: the newly designed "Phase II" SOHC version of the same 2.5 L engine featured a slightly higher peak torque (225 N·m (166 ft·lbf) vs. 220 N·m (160 ft·lbf)), the wheels turned to a standard silver, the interior got an update, and US versions became visually similar to their Japanese contemporaries with an updated front bumper borrowed from the Japanese Version 6 Impreza WRX STi. 2.5RS models became available in sedan form in 2000.

Second generation (GD/GG)

Second generation
2001–2002 Subaru Impreza RS sedan, Australia
Production 2000–2007
Assembly Japan: Ōta, Gunma
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
Layout Front-engine, four-wheel drive
Engine 1.5 L 93 kW (126 PS; 125 hp) (EJ15) 75 kW (102 PS; 101 hp)
2.0 L 93 kW (126 PS; 125 hp) (GX)
2.5 L 123 kW (167 PS; 165 hp) H4 (2001–05)
2.5 L 129 kW (175 PS; 173 hp) H4 (2006–07)
2.0/2.5 L Turbo-charged 169 kW (230 PS; 227 hp) H4 (WRX 2002–07)
2.5 L Turbo-charged 224 kW (305 PS; 300 hp) H4 (WRX STi 2004–07)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,525 mm (99.4 in)
Length 4,404 mm (173.4 in) (2002–03)
4,415 mm (173.8 in) (2004–05)
4,465 mm (175.8 in) (2006–07)
Width 1,694 mm (66.7 in) (wagon, 2006–07 sedan)
1,730 mm (68.1 in) (2002–03 sedan)
1,740 mm (68.5 in) (2004–05 sedan)
1,709 mm (67.3 in) (Outback Sport)
Height 1,486 mm (58.5 in) (2002–05 wagon)
1,466 mm (57.7 in) (2005–07)
1,440 mm (56.7 in) (2002–05 sedan)
1,539 mm (60.6 in) (2004–07 Outback Sport)
1,529 mm (60.2 in) (2002–03 Outback Sport)

Subaru introduced the "New Age" Impreza to the world market in 2001. The second generation Impreza was intended to be larger, safer, stiffer, more refined, and more responsive. The WRX Sedan had a 20 mm (0.8 in) wider track than its predecessor to aid handling, while the wagon remained the same. The coupe model was no longer available. The headlamp styling of the New Age Impreza was polarizing, but the improvements to the car brought greater mainstream acceptance.

For quick and easy reference to the different exteriors, some Subaru Impreza owners use nicknames based on the headlights. Years 2000 to 2002 are called "bug eyes", years 2002 to 2005 are called "alligator eyes" or "crocodile eyes", and years 2005 through to 2007 are called "hawk eyes".

File:2001-2002 Subaru Impreza (MY02) RS sedan (2011-06-15) 02.jpg
2001–2002 Subaru Impreza RS sedan, Australia

In the United States, release of the basic 169 kW (230 PS; 227 bhp) 2.0 L turbocharged Impreza, the WRX, did not occur until the 2002 model year, and the Impreza WRX STi was delayed until the 2004 model year. The US version of the STi includes various departures from the Japanese and European counterparts, such as a turbocharged 2.5 L EJ257 engine, rather than the twin scroll turbo 2.0 L engine sold elsewhere. All 2006 American Imprezas use some form of the 2.5 L EJ25 engine since naturally aspirated and turbo charged are available.

File:2002-2005 Subaru Impreza RS sedan (2011-10-31).jpg
2002–2005 Subaru Impreza RS sedan, Australia

Some customers' and the press' negative reaction to the New Age Impreza's styling forced Subaru to facelift the car in 2003 for 2004 model year,Template:Fix with more conventional, rectangular headlamps, nicknamed 'crocodile eyes'. For the US market, the facelifted Impreza was offered as 2.5 RS Sedan and TS Wagon, 2.5 Outback Sport Wagon, WRX Sedan and Wagon, and the new WRX STi Sedan. Sport Package was optional for the RS, and the WRX could be ordered with Premium Package. The RS, TS, Outback Sport, and WRX are available with manual or automatic transmission, while the sole transmission for the STi is 6-speed manual.

All 2006 Imprezas, including the performance models, have been redesigned, along with new headlights (nicknamed 'hawk eyes'), taillights, and bumpers. The grille design was dropped in the 3rd generation Impreza, due to the restyling. The 2.5 RS was dropped from the line up, and replaced by the base model 2.5i.

The most basic Impreza in Japan is 1.5 i with 1.5 L EJ15 SOHC engine. The 1.5 R comes with the 1.5 L DOHC engine with AVCS, but is only available with automatic transmission, whereas the 1.5i model is available with either automatic or manual transmission. For both models, AWD and 2WD versions are available. Option packages for either the 1.5i or 1.5R include wheel type, size, bucket seats, and white LED illuminated gauge meters. Starting with model year 2006, the EJ15 was replaced with the new EL15

In 2005, Subaru made their AVCS standard on all engines used in the Impreza.

For export market, the all-wheel-drive 1.6 TS is offered in Asian countries and in Singapore, where Subaru won a major tender to replace the Singapore Police Force's large fleet of Fast Response Cars with the model. The 1.5 sedan is normal body similar to the Sports Wagon. The TS shares wide body with WRX and WRX STI.


Models offered in Australia in 2004 included the GX (2.0 L engine, this model has become the baseline Impreza in Australia), RV (2.0 L engine, styled for active lifestyles, similar to the USA-spec Impreza Outback Sport), RS (2.5 L engine, sport model) along with the WRX and STi version thereof. The RX model has been abandoned in Australia, and its position in the Impreza line-up has been subsumed by the GX (which had formerly been a sparsely outfitted budget model). A variant of the RS for Australia is the RS-X, which whilst technically not a naturally aspirated version of the WRX as is often claimed, does feature many WRX components, including wheels and brakes, in a package powered by the 2.5 L drivetrain.


In late 2004 a new range was released; including the entry-level 2.0i (formerly GX), RV, 2.0R (formerly RS), WRX and WRX STi models. The 2.0R changed from a 2.5 L engine to a slightly more powerful 2.0 L engine; while the turbocharged WRX changed from a 2.0 L engine to a 2.5 L engine. The automatic transmission was dropped from the WRX, despite the popularity of the sports shift automatic in other Subarus such as the Outback. In 2006 the automatic transmission was added to the Limited package, which includes heated leather seats, power mirrors, heated wiper blades and a sunroof. Side airbags were added as standard across the range. Subaru Impreza WRXs have been bought by French Gendarmerie for its Motorway patrols. At the New York Auto Show, Subaru introduced a new WRX.[5]

Third generation (GE/GH/GR/GV)

Third generation
Subaru Impreza 2.5i Sedan (USA
Production 2007–2011
Assembly Ōta, Gunma, Japan
Body style 4–door sedan
5–door hatchback/CUV
Layout Boxer Front engine / all wheel drive
Engine 1.5 L 80 kW (110 PS; 110 hp) H4
2.0 L 112 kW (152 PS; 150 hp) H4
2.5 L 127 kW (173 PS; 170 hp) H4 (2.5i)
2.5 L Turbo-charged 167 kW (227 PS; 224 hp) H4 (WRX (2008) & GT (2009-2010))
2.5 L Turbo-charged 198 kW (269 PS; 266 hp) H4 (WRX (2009-present))
2.5 L Turbo-charged 227 kW (309 PS; 304 hp) H4 (WRX STi (2008-present))
2.0 L DOHC turbodiesel 110 kW (150 PS; 150 hp) H4
Transmission 4–speed automatic (w/SPORTSHIFT manual-mode)
or 5–speed automatic (w/SPORTSHIFT manual-mode) (WRX STi A-line only)
or 5–speed manual
or 6–speed manual
Wheelbase 2,620 mm (103.1 in)
Length sedan: 4,580 mm (180.3 in)
hatchback: 4,415 mm (173.8 in)
Width 1,740 mm (68.5 in)
Height 1,475 mm (58.1 in)
Outback Sport: 1,481 mm (58.3 in)
Curb weight 1,394 kg (3,073 lb)
Related Subaru Forester
Subaru Exiga
File:2008-2009 Subaru Impreza R sedan 02.jpg
2008–2009 Subaru Impreza R sedan (Australia)

On 2 April 2007, Subaru officially unveiled the next generation Impreza WRX at the 2007 New York Auto Show.[6] In contrast to its usual rival, the Mitsubishi Lancer, the Impreza WRX is increasingly being positioned as a 'practical' performance car - the suspension for instance is more accommodating of everyday roads.[7][8] Similar to the marketing of the Lancer, Subaru plans to offer a lower volume of slightly upscale, well-equipped, sportier Impreza models, unlike other contemporaries such as the Honda Civic, Mazda3, and Toyota Corolla that offer no-frills base trims. [1] The new Impreza is offered as both a 4-door sedan and 5-door hatchback.

The new base model Impreza is slightly longer, wider and has a longer wheelbase. The dashboard in the Impreza is much more open and is easy to configure. Two Subaru traditions have been ended with the new Impreza: the parking light switch atop the steering column is no longer present, and for the first time the windows have frames to improve NVH levels.[9]

File:Subaru Impreza rear 20080202.jpg
Subaru Impreza 2.0R Hatchback (Europe)

In the Japanese domestic market the range comprises the 1.5 L 15S using the EL15 series engine, the 2.0 L 20S and the 2.0 L turbocharged S-GT using the EJ20 series engine. Variations are found in other markets around the world: In Australia the range at launch included three 2.0 L models (the R, RX and RS) and a 2.5 L turbocharged WRX.

In the United States market (the US and Canadian markets were the only ones to receive the sedan until it made its Japanese debut in fall 2008 as 'Impreza Anesis') for the 2008 model year, the model range consists of the 2.5 L, 2.5i and Outback Sport and the 2.5 L turbocharged WRX. Both the 2.5 and the 2.5i are electronically limited from surpassing 190 km/h (120 mph). The EJ253 engine carries over from the previous generation to power the 2.5i and the EJ255 engine carries over from the previous generation (although it now uses many external engine components from the Legacy GT) to power the turbocharged WRX trim levels. In the Canadian market, the base Impreza 2.5i model received upgrades for the 2009 model year, including rear disc brakes, electronic stability control and traction control, and body-colored door handles, features previously only found on the 2.5 Sport and more expensive trims.

File:2010 Subaru Impreza (MY11) XV hatchback 01.jpg
MY2011 Subaru Impreza XV hatchback (Australia)

From September 2007 the Impreza range in Australia has been changed with models designated R, RX, RS and WRX. Initially only hatch models were offered. The R, RX and RS all share the same engine - a new 2.0 L boxer engine, with 110 kW (150 PS; 148 bhp) @ 6400 rpm and 196 Nm @ 3200 rpm. Subaru recommends that the new engines be run on 95 RON premium unleaded fuel. Another noticeable difference from the Japanese Impreza is the removal of the "Engine Start" button from the Australian model. The iconic WRX has largely unchanged engine power output of 169 kW (230 PS; 227 bhp) and 320 Nm from its 2.5 L engine. As with previous versions, there will only be a manual version of the WRX. The weight of the car also has been lightened (by approx. 22.7 kg (50 lb)) to just 1400 kg, and gives the WRX a 0–100 km/h time of 5.8 seconds. In contrast, curb weight of the standard Impreza model is approx. 27.2 kg (60 lb) heavier, although still lighter than the WRX trim level.

In Israel, the Impreza is denoted as the B3, and three styles are offered: the B3 1.5, with a 1.5 L engine, the B3 2.0 and the B3 2.0 Sport, both with 2.0 L engines. Four-door and five-door models are available for each engine type, ranging from the basic R class, to the medium RX and top RXI class. No 2.5 L engine option is available.[10]

The third generation Impreza is sold in certain Asian countries in 1.5R, 2.0R, 2.0 S-GT, 2.5 WRX, and 2.5 WRX STI trim levels. In Indonesia, the Impreza was initially only available as 5-door Hatchback only. The 1.5R and 2.0R can be ordered with Dual Range 5-speed manual, or 4-speed automatic SPORTSHIFT electronically controlled transmission. However, in Singapore and Thailand, the Impreza 1.5 R, 2.0 R, and 2.5 WRX are also offered as 4-door Sedan. In Indonesia and Singapore, the WRX STI trim can be ordered with Dual Range 6-speed manual or 5-speed automatic SPORTSHIFT electronically controlled transmission. In 2011, the 4-door Impreza Sedan 1.5R, 2.0R and WRX STi will be also offered in Indonesia.

File:08 Subaru WRX hatch front.jpg
MY2008 Subaru Impreza WRX hatchback (US)

The latest-generation of the WRX STI which is built as "wide body" hatchback only debuted in the Tokyo Auto Show in October 2007. The release date for a US launch was in March 2008. The WRX STI chassis code is GR, different from the GH used for the "standard body" hatchback WRX chassis. The Japanese WRX STI is powered by 2.0 L improved EJ207 engine with twin scroll turbo, while the American and other export models has 2.5 L EJ257 with single scroll turbo. The Impreza WRX STI features a Multi-Mode Driver Controlled Centre Differential (DCCD).


File:2010 Subaru Impreza (MY11) RX hatchback 02.jpg
2010 Subaru Impreza RX hatchback (Australia)

A facelifted 2010 model of the Subaru Impreza went on sale in late 2009, receiving a new grille insert.

In the 2010 New York International Auto Show, Subaru unveiled the 2011 model year "wide body" Impreza WRX Sedan and Hatchback, as well as the Impreza WRX STI 4-door Sedan. The new STI Sedan features high rear spoiler similar to the old STI.


Safety of the car has been increased with range wide inclusion of Stability/Traction control as standard in some markets. In early September 2007, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) crash-tested the 2.5i 5-door Impreza and gave it the highest ranking available due to the test results the car achieved, continuing Subaru's reputation for producing cars that consistently earn the institute's highest rating.[11]

The Impreza also achieved a 5 Star Safety Rating, and a 4 Star Pedestrian Safety rating in the ANCAP crash tests.


A boxer diesel engine, called the Subaru EE, for European Impreza models was introduced at the 2008 Paris Motor Show. The diesel Impreza was made available for sale in several European countries in early 2009, with the 2.0 L turbodiesel engine of 150 horsepower. Two models are available as of July 2009, 2.0 TD and 2.0 TD Sport, which is better equipped.[12]

Fourth generation (GP/GJ)

Fourth generation
2012 Subaru Impreza 2.0i Premium hatchback (US)
Production 2011-Present
Assembly Ōta, Gunma, Japan
Body style 4–door sedan
5–door hatchback/CUV
Layout Boxer Front engine / all wheel drive
Engine 2.0 L 110 kW (150 PS; 150 hp) H4
1.6L H4

5–speed manual
6-speed manual

Lineartronic CVT
Wheelbase 2,644 mm (104.1 in)
Length sedan: 4,580 mm (180.3 in)
hatchback: 4,414 mm (173.8 in)
Width 1,804 mm (71.0 in)
Height 1,463 mm (57.6 in)
Curb weight 1,320 kg (2,910 lb)

The fourth generation Impreza was unveiled on 20 April 2011 at the New York Auto Show, as its predecessor was, with a launch scheduled for autumn of the same year.[13] It will be primarily an evolutionary design, remaining nearly the same size but being lighter and more fuel efficient and featuring a host of technical improvements as well as better packaging (Leading to greater interior space), higher quality materials in the interior, and new styling sharing a family resemblance with the fifth generation Subaru Legacy.[13] The new design achieves its improved fuel economy of 36mpg highway (with CVT transmission) primarily by utilizing a new all aluminum 2 liter engine with making 148 hp, down from the previous generation's 170hp generated using a 2.5 liter engine. Despite the reduced power, Subaru claims that the new Impreza is 0.3 second quicker from 0-60 than the previous generation when equipped with the CVT transmission, due to reduced weight. Subaru anticipates that the improved fuel economy will attract new customers while enthusiasts will be drawn to the performance oriented WRX and WRX STI models. The last-generation high-performance WRX variants will continue production until new versions will be released in 2013. It has been announced that the new Impreza will be built in Japan and not Indiana.[14] The 2012 American Subaru Impreza might be affected by the assembly plant shutdowns in Japan because of the March 2011 Earthquake and power shortages.


The new Impreza was released in Japan on 30 November 2011, where the hatchback is marketed as Impreza Sport and the sedan is marketed as Impreza G4. [15] Engine choices are the new 1.6 liter FB16 and 2.0 liter FB20. Trim levels for both Impreza Sport and G4 are 1.6i, 1.6i-L, 2.0i, 2.0i-S, 2.0i EyeSight, and 2.0i-S EyeSight. Transmission for the 1.6 liter model is either 5 speed manual or Lineartronic CVT, the 2.0 liter models only come with Lineartronic.

Subaru XV

The raised suspension version of the latest Impreza Hatchback is named Subaru XV which is the replacement of the outgoing Outback Sport. The XV Concept made its first public appearance at 2011 Shanghai Motor Show, and the production version will be ready in 2012. Power for the XV is either 1.6 liter FB16, 2.0 liter FB20 gasoline engine, or 2.0 liter diesel EE20. The US version which called XV Crosstrek will only get the 2.0 liter gasoline. This motor will be paired with the choice of Lineartronic CVT or 6 speed manual gearbox.

There was also reported that the XV will likely to be assembled in Malaysia from late 2012.[16]


File:Auto Show 069.jpg
2006 Impreza Rally Car

The Impreza chassis has been more successful in rallying than Subaru's previous contenders. Prior to the introduction of the Impreza into World Rally Championship racing in 1993, the Subaru World Rally Team had fielded its larger mid-size Legacy. However, with the rest of the rally competition increasingly shifting towards smaller and lighter chassis, Subaru introduced the smaller Impreza, immediately achieving a podium on its debut on the 1993 1000 Lakes Rally. To jumpstart its early rally efforts, and to develop the Impreza into a competitive rally car, Subaru teamed up with its current preporatory firm, British motorsports company Prodrive, in 1989.

Immediately following the first overall WRC event win for both the fledgling Subaru team and its young driver, the late Colin McRae aboard a Group A Legacy on the 1993 Rally New Zealand, the Scotman's team-mate and childhood idol, 1981 World Rally Champion, Ari Vatanen of Finland, went on to finish second in the debut rally of the first ever factory Impreza. New recruit for the following season, 1990 and 1992 World Champion, Carlos Sainz brought the Impreza its inaugural victory on the 1994 Acropolis Rally.

The Impreza brought Subaru three consecutive WRC constructors' titles (19951997, the latter season the first for the newly introduced World Rally Car class) and a driver's championship for McRae in 1995, the late Richard Burns in 2001, and the Norwegian, Petter Solberg in 2003.

Another evolution of the Impreza WRC made its debut in the 2007 Corona Rally Mexico. Unfortunately, the team had several major problems with reliability as the car experienced mechanical difficulties in almost every rally from its first.

Subaru debuted an Impreza WRC in hatchback form for the first time from the 2008 Acropolis Rally onwards, on which event Solberg scored a second place finish.

On 16 December 2008 Subaru announced that it would withdraw from the World Rally Championship due to economic problems.[17]

However, the Subaru Rally Team USA is still competing in the Rally America National Championship. Also, there are still several teams using Subaru models in the Intercontinental Rally Challenge.


In Australia, the 1993-2004 Subaru Impreza was assessed in the Used Car Safety Ratings 2006 as providing "average" protection for its occupants in the event of a crash.[18][19][20] In frontal-offset and side crash tests conducted by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety in the United States, the second-generation Impreza earned "Good" ratings. 2005-2007 models also earned a "Good" rating for rear crash protection (head restraint design) placing it at the top of IIHS small car ratings.

The third generation MY2008 Impreza continued the tradition and also earned the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety highest rating for "Good" in each individual test, earning an overall score of "Good".[11]

The third generation MY2008 Impreza hatchback received five stars (34.66 out of 37 points) for occupant protection and a four star pedestrian rating under testing by ANCAP.[21]

Awards and acknowledgments

The Impreza was Wheels magazine's Car of the Year for 2000. Car and Driver Magazine named the North American market WRX to its prestigious 10-best list in 2002, with a follow-up performance in 2003.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "2007 Honda Civic vs 2007 Hyundai Elantra vs 2007 Mitsubishi Lancer vs 2007 Nissan Sentra - Comfort". Motor Trend. 2007-02-26. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 
  2. "Core Technologies". Retrieved 2008-03-30. 
  3. "Subaru Impreza WRX STi 2006 MY06". Australian Car Advice. 2007-07-15. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  4. " – Subaru Impreza Casablanca Wagon". Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
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External links

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