Toyota Carina

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This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Japanese Wikipedia.
Toyota Carina
Toyota Carina 1600 GT
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1970–2000
Successor Toyota Allion
Class Compact
Related Toyota Corona

The Toyota Carina was a Japanese large family car, produced from December 1970 to 2000. It was typically marketed as a four-door version of the Celica (which shared the same platform), although early generations of the Carina also had 2-door and wagon models. Over time, it became a sister car to the Corona but was sportier, with distinctive bodywork and interior — aimed at the youth market and generally filling a niche between the Corolla and Corona. At that point it was replaced by the Allion.

The Carina name has been used in markets other than the USA at various times to represent other cars, usually the Corona. However, the Japanese-market Carina was a different car entirely.

The inspiration for the name Carina came from the Carina star cluster.

Contents

First generation (1970–1977) A10 series

First generation
Toyota Carina TA12 (1971)
Production 1970–1977
Engine 2T
Transmission 4-speed manual transmission
Wheelbase 2,425 mm (95.5 in)
Length 4,155 mm (163.6 in)
Width 1,570 mm (62 in)
Height 1,395 mm (54.9 in)
Curb weight 960 kg (2,100 lb)

The first-generation Carina was manufactured from December 1970, and sold at Toyota Store dealership channels in Japan, while the Corona was sold at Toyopet Store. Its European release took place in October 1971.[1] Show room appeal was enhanced by the inclusion in the price of reclining seats with built-in head restraints, radio, clock, reversing lights and servo-assistance on the brakes: these were features which, where available on competitor models, tended to be offered only as options at extra cost.[2]

The A10 Carina was also exported to the US, but its introduction coincided with the introduction under President Nixon of a 10% import duty [3][4] and sales volumes were disappointing. Cars destined for export were increasingly switched towards other markets in Europe[4] and elsewhere and US exports stopped after only two years: the company progressed plans to build car plants in the USA.

The original model featured a 1588 cc OHV (2T) engine, with 4-speed gearbox and front-wheel disc brakes.[1] It was revised in 1972 with a restyled body, new rear light cluster and filler cap repositioned in rear quarter panel, restyled front grille and fascia. The specification was once again revised in 1974 including sealed cooling system, improved brakes, restyled wheels with flared wheel arches, and restyled interior fittings. For 1976, it received a new front and rear-end styling, dual-line braking system with servo and a repositioned handbrake and gear lever. Wheelbase was increased slightly.

Second generation (A40, A50; (1977–1981)

Second generation
1978 Carina sedan
Also called Toyota Celica Camry
Production 1977–1981
1980–1982 (Celica Camry)
Assembly Japan: Toyota, Aichi
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel drive
Engine 1.6 L 12T-U I4 (TA41)
1.8 L 13T-U I4 (TA46)
1.8 L 3T-EU I4 (TA57)
2.0 L 21R-U I4 (RA56)
2.0 L 18R-GEU I4 (RA55)
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 2,500 mm (98.4 in)
Length 4,230 mm (166.5 in)
4,445 mm (175.0 in) (Celica Camry)
Width 1,630 mm (64.2 in)
1,645 mm (64.8 in) (Celica Camry)
Height 1,390 mm (54.7 in)
Curb weight 995 kg (2,193.6 lb)
1,010 kg (2,226.7 lb) (Celica Camry)

Released in Japan August 1977, the next-generation Carina was available in Germany in December 1977[5] and in other European countries during 1978.[1] In most markets it was fitted with the same 1,588 cc 2T engine as its predecessor. In the Carina, an output of 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) was claimed. The option of automatic transmission was added.

File:CARINA2000GT(RA45).jpg
Toyota Carina 2000 GT Coupé

An estate car model was introduced, with heavy-duty leaf-spring rear suspension. In 1980, all models had revised front- and rear-end styling and headlights, and also received improved interiors. The following year, saloon and coupé models (but not the estate) were fitted with five-speed gearboxes as standard, still with optional automatic transmissions.

In November 1977, the 3T-U 1,800 cc engine emissions are updated. In May 1978, the GT 1600 cc was added, and a three-speed automatic transmission became available. The 1600GT 2T-GEU engine was made to comply with the Showa 53 (1978) emissions regulation, while output improved from 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) to 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp). The options list was updated to include a urethane bumper for impact improvement.

September 1978, the 3T-EU engine (1,770 cc OHV EFI) was installed in the ST-EFI and SR-EFI models, initially only with a five-speed manual. At the same time, the 2000GT with DOHC 18R-GU and the 18R-GEU EFI engine, fit 1978 exhaust emission regulations, as did the 18R-U and 21R-U engines. The emblem was changed to "TOYOTA" from "TOYOTA CARINA".

In August 1979, the front of the vehicle received a major change that now included four headlamp lights rather than the previous setup, with the Van remaining with four round lamps. The rear received a changed license plate mounting to give it a new style. 3T-EU and 21R-U engines were now available with the four-speed automatic transmission. These two, along with the 18R-GEU, were now the only engines offered (in Japan). The rear suspension became of the semi-trailing type, becoming the A50 series Carina in the process. The Super Deluxe two-door sedan was discontinued, as was the 1400 Van. The 1600 Van received the 12T-J engine and the option of an automatic transmission.

As of August 1980, the EFI specification 1800 Hard Top (ST-EFI, SR-EFI) was the only engine offered in the sedans/coupés.

Celica Camry (1980–1982)

Template:Further

Toyota utilised the A40/A50 series Carina as the basis for the Celica Camry, a four-door sedan launched in Japan during January 1980, and sold at Toyota Corolla Shop dealerships. Positioned as the sedan counterpart to the Toyota Celica (A40 and A50) two-door coupe and three-door liftback, the Celica Camry shared few components with this model. Instead, Toyota elongated the front-end of its Carina, incorporating styling cues resembling those of the 1978–1981 Celica XX (known as the Celica Supra in export markets).

File:1981 Toyota Carina Deluxe.jpg
European market facelifted Carina (TA40), which shares its front-end with the Celica Camry. See also: 1980–1982 Toyota Celica Camry

Powered by either a 1.6-liter 12T-U engine producing 88 PS (65 kW) JIS and 128 N·m (94 lbf·ft) or a 1.8-litre 13T-U engine producing 95 PS (70 kW) and 147 N·m (108 lbf·ft), Toyota also offered a fuel-injected 1.8-litre (105 PS or 77 kW) and a 2.0-litre (21R-U) with producing the same power. Towards the end of its model lifecycle, Toyota introduced a sports version of the Celica Camry equipped with the double overhead camshaft 2.0-litre 18R-GEU engine from the Celica producing 135 PS (99 kW).[6]

Although it has an identical 2,500 mm (98 in) wheelbase to the Celica, Corona, and Carina, it is longer than the Carina but shorter than both the Corona and Celica. During its model cycle, over 100,000 units were sold in Japan. The Celica Camry was also exported to a number of markets using the Carina name, replacing the front-end styling of the second generation Carina in these markets. These export market hybrids used a different rear-end design and were also available with station wagon bodywork.

Third generation (1981–1988) A60 series

Third generation
Toyota Carina A60
Production 1981–1988
Engine 1,452 cc 3A-U I4
1,486 cc 5K-J I4
1,587 cc 4A DOHC I4
1,588 cc 2T-GEU I4
1,588 cc 12T I4
1,770 cc 3T-EU I4
1,770 cc 13T I4
1,832 cc
1S-U I4
1,839 cc
1C diesel I4
Transmission 4-MT / 5-MT
3-AT / 4-AT
Wheelbase 2,500 mm (98 in)
Length 4,390 mm (173 in) - 4,470 mm (176 in)
Width 1,650 mm (65 in)
Height 1,365 mm (53.7 in) - 1,400 mm (55 in)
Curb weight 995 kg (2,190 lb) - 1,135 kg (2,500 lb)

In its third incarnation, the Carina followed the fashion of the time with a still more angular and four-square design. The car followed its predecessors in retaining a front-engine rear-wheel drive configuration even though by then competitor manufacturers were following a trend of switching to front-wheel drive in this class. In addition to the petrol-engined versions, the Carina was now offered with the option of an 1,839 cc 1C diesel engine, for which a power output of 65 PS (48 kW) at 4,500 rpm was claimed, in markets where fuel pricing and availability rendered this appropriate.

The third generation was first released in September 1981. This was the last Carina to use rear-wheel drive. The RWD Corona shared its chassis with this vehicle, with the Corona being updated the succeeding year. The 1800SE had power windows, and an 1800SE "Extra Edition" trim level was added. The Carina was famously used by private teams racing for Japan in the Dakar Rally in the two-wheel drive class for both 1981 and 1982. The Carina managed to achieve four championships in the marathon class divisions.

In February 1982, a five-door wagon series was added, marketed as the "Surf". The 1C, 1,800 cc OHC diesel engine was added to the lineup.

May 1982, the 1500 SE trim level was added.

In October 1982, the Turbo DOHC engine (3T-GTEU, 1,770 cc and 160 PS (118 kW) in the Touring Super Coupé trim level) with the "GT-TR" trim level was added. Celica and Corona were released with the same powerplant simultaneously. Conversely, the 18R-GEU engined 2000 GT was no longer available.

In May 1983, minor changes were done to the whole range, excepting the vans. Power mirrors were added, while the front grille and the taillights were redesigned. The 1600GT sports model replaced the 2T-GEU engine with the all new 4A-GEU engine, also a 1,600 cc DOHC unit, but now with 16 valves. The 3T-EU engine was no longer offered.

In August 1983, a series of minor changes to the van took place. The 12T-J 1,500 cc OHV engine became the 5K-J type.

In May 1984, the front-wheel drive four-door sedan "Carina FF" (T150 chassis) was introduced in addition to the rear-wheel drive sedan range. Coupé, Surf (Wagon), and vans were sold continuously. Minor changes also took place, including body-coloured bumpers for higher grade models. In August 1985, the trim levels were changed to shift the Sports models (1600GT, 1600GT-R, 1800GT-T, 1800GT-TR) into the front-wheel drive range. Rear-wheel drive coupé sales were terminated. The sedan lineup was now reduced to 1500 standard, DX, SG, and 1800 SG trim levels. Surf and van sales continued as heretofore. Front-engine, rear-wheel drive Carinas continued to be produced alongside the new T150 series until May 1988 in Surf, Van, and sedan models.

Fourth generation (1984–1988) T150 series

Fourth generation
250px
Production 1984–1988
Engine 2.0/1.8/1.6/1.5L
Transmission 4-speed AT / 3 speed AT / 5-speed MT / 4-speed MT
Wheelbase 2,515 mm (99.0 in)
Length 4,350 mm (171 in)
Width 1,670 mm (66 in)
Height 1,365 mm (53.7 in)
Curb weight 950 kg (2,100 lb)
Related Toyota Carina II
Toyota Carina ED
Toyota Corona (T150)

Starting from the fourth Generation, the Carina shared the Corona platform for four-door sedans. The Carina RWD platform of 2-door coupés, Carina Surf, and Carina Van continued to use the A series platform until 1988.

May 1984, Carina Front engine Front wheel drive 4-door sedan (T150 series) was introduced .Previous generation style is the same, using four headlights and grille setup. The upper trim level model has aerodynamic headlight option. Rather than replace the entire line-up all at once because sales of the previous generation were still good, Toyota gradually introduced the replacement Coupe, Van (wagon) models in stages. The 1800 cc engine is electronically controlled distributorless ignition, and a 2000 cc diesel is added. Other 1600 cc EFI "4A-ELU" engine, and a carburetor is used on the 1500 cc with "3A-LU" type engine. The 1800SE models were still offered.

August 1985, the Sport model 1600GT, 1600GT-R, 2000GT-R were added to the lineup (T160 system). 1600 cc uses the "4A-GELU" engine, the 2000 cc uses the "3S-GELU" engine. Sport model wheel were upgraded from four lug nut to a five-hole lug nut.

May 1986, had minor changes to the entire range. The design of the grille and taillights was changed. Due to the success of the 1800SE trim level, the 1500SG Extra was added.

Carina II

For the European market, the eighth generation Toyota Corona was sold as the Carina II.

Carina ED

File:Toyota Carinaed 1987.jpg
1987 Toyota Carina ED

The Carina ED ("Exciting Dressy") is a 4-door hardtop on the chassis of the FWD Corona/Carina/Celica.

Fifth generation (1988–1992) T170 series

Fifth generation
250px
Production 1988–1992
Engine 2.0L 2C Diesel
Transmission 5-MT/ 4-AT
Wheelbase 2,525 mm (99.4 in)
Length 4,380 mm (172 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,370 mm (54 in)
Curb weight 1,060 kg (2,300 lb)

This generation was released in 1988. The exterior sheet metal was to get slightly rounded corners, as was in line with the fashionable design of products at that time. The Surf (wagon), front-wheel drive and was also given a full model change to the van. 4S-Fi is an 1800 cc engine type, 1600 cc of the FF-4A-GE and the specification for higher-power higher-cam-4A-FHE car, 1500 cc of the 5A-F type, 2000 cc diesel-2C. The 3E-1500cc Van, 2000 cc diesel-2C engines were used.

December 1988, full-time 4WD system center differential has been added to the sedan (AT175-type). The engine, 1600cc 4A-FE, is the only one used for the AWD model.

August, 1989, "G Limited" 4A-GE engine is a premium design and high-compression engine; with 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp).

In May 1990 only minor changes. The Toyota emblem in the back is changed to a bright tail lamp lenses bulging from three places and was changed from the previous split design. (The front of the van was not changed). The Previous generation was a gasoline car engine and is still using the 1800 cc the 4S-FE-, 1500 cc with a 5A-FE-type. For the Front engine Front wheel drive-type vehicle 1600cc4A-FHE the horsepower is increased from 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) to 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp). 4WD vehicles are still equipped with the 4A-FE type. Surf wagon 2000cc2C has been changed to a diesel (CT170G type). It could be fitted with a driver-side airbag as an option.

Wagon vans were sold until March 10, 1992, as the van was replaced with the Corona Caldina Van.

The Carina ED was in its second generation.

Carina II

For the European market, the ninth generation Toyota Corona was sold as the Carina II.

Toyota Carina II (European T170)

Sixth generation (1992–1996) T190 series

Sixth generation
1994 Toyota Carina
Production 1992–1996
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, FWD / 4WD
Transmission 5-MT/ 6-MT/4-AT
Wheelbase 2,580 mm (102 in)
Length 4,450 mm (175 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,400 mm (55 in)
Curb weight 1,150 kg (2,500 lb)

In 1993 the Celica, Carina ED and EXiV were redesigned similar to the larger Toyota Mark II series JZX90, after which the product names were discontinued in 1998.

T190 early model (Japan-spec)

Carina E

The Carina E (Japanese: Toyota Carina E) was the European version of the tenth generation Corona (T190 series). It was produced in the United Kingdom at the new Burnaston plant near Derby from 16 December 1992 until its replacement by the Avensis for the European market five years later.[7]

250px

Carina ED

The Carina ED 4-door hardtop ended production in 1998

1995 Toyota Carina ED 4-door hardtop

Seventh generation (1996–2001) T210 series

Seventh generation
1998 Toyota Carina
Production 1996–2001
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, FWD / 4WD
Transmission 5-MT/ 4-AT
Wheelbase 2,580 mm (102 in)
Length 4,450 mm (175 in)
Width 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height 1,395 mm (54.9 in)
Curb weight 1,110 kg (2,400 lb)

In 1996, a GT version was made with a 5-valves per cylinder 4A-GE 'black top' engine and 5-speed C56 manual transmission. In 1998, the GT was equipped with a 6-speed C160 manual transmission.

1996 facelift. Carina is in line with previous sedan only, the derived model does not exist and the only domestic car in full. Basic platform, the Model T190 ago inherited the system.

Front door panels, instrument panel of the T210 Corona Premio is shared. With the new Corona Premio, Toyota's first collision safety body "GOA" was adopted. 7A-FE engine is a 1800 cc type RINBAN, 1500 cc of the 5A-FE-, 2000 cc turbo-diesel is 2C-TE series. 1600 cc version of the 4A-FE-RINBAN was no longer offered.

The sports version is called the "GT", was set by the AT210-model. The engine was shared with the AE111 Corolla Levin, 4A-GE Toyota Sprinter Trueno same type (165 PS, known as "black top"), a mission-to late AE101-AE111 Corolla Levin period, in common with the Sprinter Trueno 5-speed Manual Transmission (C56-transmission series).

1997 Limited model equipped with air conditioning, auto, "GT PIERNA" was released. GT because of the color black is limited at this time, it is rare.

August 1998, minor changes. Design has changed the front and rear lights. Bumper has been painted. 2000 cc to 2200 cc diesel engine has been expanded. GT front grill but did not distinguish between grades and other traditional, "CARINA" instead of the letters "GT" emblem was to be with. In addition, GT's AE111 Manual Transmission Corolla Levin late-model, is equipped with a common mission and the Sprinter Trueno, 6-speed Manual Transmission (C160-series). The diameter of the brake disc increases because the wheel diameter is increased to 15 inches (380 mm). Reinforcement is added to bind to the left and right reinforcement rear sash support and the rear back head, which aims to improve a little stiffness. Was equipped with a rear seat center seat headrest.

In December 2001, with the release of Toyota Allion the end with the sale Corona Premio, the production ended after 31-years.

European naming

In 1984 in Europe, the Carina was replaced by the Corona but rebadged as the "Carina II". This continued with the new model introduced in 1988 and, subsequently, the "Carina E" introduced in 1992 was also a Corona, as was a so-called "Avensis" which replaced it in 1997. In 2003, this was in turn replaced by the car badged also in Japan as the Avensis.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Car Repair Manual–Carina/Celica. Maidenhead, Berkshire, UK.: Autodata. pp. 6–7, History and Identification. (1981). 
  2. Daily Express Motor Show Review 1975 Cars: Page 46 (Toyota Carina). October 1974. 
  3. Richard M. Nixon: A life in Full. New York, NY: PublicAffairs Books. ISBN 1-58648-519-9.Black, Conrad (2007), p. 740.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Road Test: Toyota Carina ... a good car with no outstanding faults". Motor: Pages 18–22. 2 October 1971. 
  5. "Neue Mittelklasse von Toyota". Auto Motor u. Sport Heft 25 1977: Seite 22. date 7 December 1977. 
  6. World Cars 1982. Pelham, New York: L'Editrice dell'Automobile LEA/Herald Books. 1982. pp. 382–383. ISBN 0-910714-14-2. 
  7. "About Us - TMUK The Facts". Toyotauk.com. 1992-12-16. http://www.toyotauk.com/main/about-us/. Retrieved 2012-01-22. 

This entry includes information taken from the equivalent article in Dutch Wikipedia, consulted in May 2009.

External links

  • [1] Toyotaoldies.de.

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