Toyota Carina ED

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This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Japanese Wikipedia.
Toyota Carina ED
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1985-April 1998

The Toyota Carina ED was a Japanese compact car created in 1985 as a companion to the 1984 Carina sedan. It was positioned as the 4-door Celica, with a similar focus on luxury found on the Corona EXiV. Its design sought to emulate the hardtop styling of large American sedans, resulting in a small, low cabin with longer front and rear ends. The ED's B-pillar stood up in the middle with no purpose other than to hinge the rear door on; it was not attached to the roof side of the cabin. The ED achieved huge sales in Japan, and other Japanese manufacturers introduced the Mazda Persona, Nissan Presea, and Mitsubishi Emeraude around the same time. "ED" is the initials of "Exciting" and "Dressy".

The Carina ED is the sister car, using the same platform as the Corona EXiV. The hardtop approach was also used on the yet smaller Corolla/Sprinter platform, called the Corolla Ceres and the Sprinter Marino; these cars were offered for consumers who wanted the luxurious approach offered by the Toyota Crown hardtop and sedan, as well as the Mark II (4-door sedan), Cresta (4-door hardtop) and Chaser (4-door hardtop and performance enhancements) but at a lower price and reduced tax liability based on the vehicles size and engine displacement. The various versions were sold at different Toyota dealerships dedicated to particular models.

Contents

First Generation (1985-1989) ST160 series

First Generation
Production 1985-1989
Body style 4-door hardtop
Layout Front engine, FWD
Engine 2.0L i4 DOHC 3S-GELU
1.8L i4 SOHC 1S-ELU
1.8L i4 SOHC 1S-iLU
Transmission 5MT / 4AT
Wheelbase 2,525 mm (99.4 in)
Length 4,500 mm (180 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,320 mm (52 in)
Related Toyota Corona EXiV

The first generation was a new design direction, emphasizing styling and comfort over practicality and economy. The Celica platform was used and attention was placed on handling and performance. Fog lamps were made standard August 1987. The 1S-ELU was replaced by the 2.0 L 3S-FELU, and May 1988, the 1S-iLU was replaced by the 1.8 L 4S-FiLU.

Second Generation (1989 - 1993) ST180 series

Second Generation
Production 1989-1993
Body style 4-door hardtop
Layout Front engine, FWD
Engine 2.0L i4 DOHC 3S-FELU
1.8L i4 SOHC 4S-FiLU
Transmission 5MT / 4AT
Wheelbase 2,525 mm (99.4 in)
Length 4,485 mm (176.6 in)
Width 1,690 mm (67 in)
Height 1,315 mm (51.8 in)
Related Toyota Corona EXiV

The restyled second generation was introduced 1989 and luxury equipment content increased. Four wheel steering appeared on the top level offering and styling was updated more closely resemble the Corona EXiV. Electronic fuel injection was made standard on all engines offered.

Third Generation (1993 - 1998) ST200 series

Third Generation
Production 1993-1998
Body style 4-door hardtop
Layout Front engine, FWD/AWD
Engine 2.0L i4 DOHC 3S-GE
2.0L i4 DOHC 3S-FE
1.8L i4 SOHC 4S-FiLU
Transmission 5MT / 4AT
Wheelbase 2,525 mm (99.4 in)
Length 4,500 mm (180 in)
Width 1,740 mm (69 in)
Height 1,325 mm (52.2 in)
Related

Toyota Corona EXiV

Toyota Camry

The four wheel drive system introduced on this generation was borrowed from the Toyota Celica GT-Four. The 3S-GE engine as a result did not have four wheel steering. The trim level designations were 1800V, 2000X, 2000GT and 2000GT-4WD. As a result of styling changes, sales improved in comparison to the second generation. A driver side airbag appeared September 1995, as well as speed sensitive door locks and climate control air conditioning. A passenger side airbag appeared June 1996. Production ended due to economic conditions April 1998.

  1. REDIRECT Template:Commons category
de:Toyota Carina ED

fa:تویوتا کارینا ای‌دی‌ ja:トヨタ・カリーナED

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