Toyota GT 86

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Toyota GT 86 (1st Generation)
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Manufacturer Toyota
Also called Toyota FT-86
Assembly Japan
Predecessor Toyota AE86
Body style 2-door coupe
Layout FMR layout
Engine 2.0L flat-four
Curb weight 1210-1250kg
Related Subaru BRZ, Scion FR-S

Contents

Introduction

The Toyota GT 86 is the newly released production version of the Toyota FT-86. The car has been produced in collaboration with Subaru who have their own version the Subaru BRZ. While in the USDM the car is known as the Scion FR-S

Toyota first unveiled the Toyota FT-86 concept at the 2009 Tokyo Motor Show. The production model of which has been named the Toyota GT 86 (also known as the Scion FRS in the USDM and simly 86 in the JDM), named after Toyota's GT car history and the success of the Toyota Corolla Levin/Trueno AE86.

The GT 86 is an entirely new car built from the ground up in co-operation with Subaru (the Subaru BRZ is the automotive sibling of the GT 86). It is powered by a 2.0 liter, naturally aspirated, boxer engine. The GT 86 features a low, aerodynamic body with a sports orientated interior containing the smallest steering wheel yet fitted to a production Toyota at 365mm. Interior features also include satellite navigation, aluminium pedals, sports gauges, carbon effect trim, red upholstery stitching, aviation style rocker switchgear, enlarged tachometer and sports bucket front seats.

Dimensions are as follows; length: 4,240mm, height: 1,285, wheelbase: 2,570mm giving it a profile very similar to the current (third) generation Mazda MX-5. The GT 86 has near-perfect weight distribution at 53:47 and a centre of gravity of 475mm high. The front biased weight distribution was purposely selected to aid in the cars handling and "fun factor" according to the cheif design engineer.

The 2.0 liter flat-four engine is the result of a pooling of resources between Toyota and Subaru. The engine was primarily designed by Subaru and incoporates Toyotas D-4S technology (direct injection combined with port injection). The engine has a high compression ratio of 12.5:1 and bore and stoke are equal at 86.0mm, subsequently increasing power and torque over a wide range of engine speeds without sacrificing fuel economy.

The engine outputs a maximum power of 147 kW (197 hp) at 7000rpm and a maximum torque of 205 N·m (151 ft·lbf) at 6600rpm, redline is 7400rpm. For the Subaru BRZ Subaru have promised approximately 200kw to be produced in their STi version.

The GT 86 has the option of a 6 speed manual or a 6 speed automatic with paddle shifts. All variants shall come standard with an LSD except the base model automatic.

Chassis Generations

First generation (ZN6; 2012-Current)

Toyota 86 (ZN6)
2013 MY Scion FR-S (US)
Model years 2012-Current
Body style 2 door Coupe
Layout FR layout
Wheelbase 2570 mm
Length 4240 mm
Width 1775 mm
Height 1285 - 1300 mm

Design

Subaru BRZ

The FR-S was designed around a front-mounted boxer engine rear-wheel drive configuration. "The flat architecture of the boxer engine, allows it to be mounted low, dropping the center of gravity down, resulting in sporty handling characteristics."[1] The exterior design of the FR-S was inspired by the Toyota 2000GT's extremely low to the ground profile and long, sleek hood. The total concept of the car was most inspired by the Toyota AE86 which originally utilized lightweight design combined with modest engine power along with the front engine rear-wheel drive design that the FR-S will have. According to the FR-S's designers, "The goal was to create an authentic rear-wheel drive sports car with compelling style, exceptionally balanced performance and handling, flexible utility and surprising MPG."[1] The car's design was inspired by previous Toyota sports cars including the Toyota Sports 800, Toyota 2000GT, and Toyota AE86.[1]

Engineering

The Toyota designated 4U-GSE engine is a naturally aspirated four-cylinder engine that uses Subaru's horizontally opposed boxer engine as well as Toyota's D-4S injection system which uses both direct and port injection. The engine has a 12.5:1 compression ratio and a bore and stroke of 86 mm that results in 200 horse power @ 7000 RPM, for the FR-S and BRZ, and 197 horse power for the Toyota variant, and 151 pound-feet of torque @ 6000 RPM for all three vehicles. As part of FR-S's low weight design, the car utilizes an aluminum hood, a solid roof, and a trunk design as opposed to a hatchback.[2][3]

The FR-S, 86 and BRZ will offer two 6 speed transmission built by Aisin, a manual gearbox and modified automatic transmission from the Lexus IS-F, minus two gears. The automatic uses a traditional wet torque converter design, but its software has been engineered to mimic the response of a dual-clutch gearbox. The automatic transmission uses three different modes, Sport, Snow, and Normal.

When questioned about differences between the Subaru BRZ and the Scion FR-S, Scion hinted at the FR-S being tuned more for sport, while the Subaru was tuned more for ride compliance. Meaning the Subaru could have a softer ride than its Scion counterpart. [4]

The boxer engine sits as far back and as low as possible in the engine bay for an optimum weight distribution of 53% of the weight up front and 47% of the weight in the rear. The low sitting engine provides excellent low center of gravity, which allows the engine to sit lower than the Nissan GTR and just 0.6 inches higher than the Lexus LFA.[2]

The three vehicles use 17 inch diameter wheels 7 inches wide. The wheels are lightweight and wrapped in Michelin tires, similar to those that are found on an upgraded Toyota Prius, but different diameter and width of 215/45. The wheels feature ventilated disc brakes at all four corners with two piston-opposed calipers in the front and single caliper design in the rear. Suspension is MacPherson suspension in the front and double wishbone in the rear.

Interior

The Interior Features a 2+2 seating configuration which utilizes low mounted front seats. The rear seats fold down enabling increased storage space for larger items.[2]

Japanese version

For the Japanese market, the Toyota 86 is offered in RC, G, GT, and GT Limited trim levels. Targeted for customers who want to modify their cars, or compete in motorsports, the strippo model RC came with black bumpers, steel wheels, and no air conditioning. Transmission for the base model is 6 speed manual only, while all the higher grades are available with either manual or 6 speed automatic. The 86 G adds color-keyed bumpers, 16 inch alloy wheels, manual AC, and halogen headlights as standard equipment. The GT has 17 inch alloy wheels, automatic climate control AC, smart key, HID headlights and fog lamps. The top of the line GT Limited has all the GT's features plus Alcantara seats, 18 inch alloys, and rear spoiler. This model will be on sale in Japan this April 6, 2012, and afterwards, Toyota will open "Area 86" specialty shops, where car enthusiasts can get together to talk about automobiles and where shop specialists can support car-owner activities aimed at helping give sports-car culture local roots.[5]

Specifications

Press Release

Videos

European Market Gallery

Japanese Market Gallery

United States Market Gallery

References

External links

Comments

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