Toyota Mark X
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Layout||FR layout / Four-wheel drive|
The Mark X (Japanese: トヨタ・マークX) is a mid size automobile created by Toyota for the Japanese market. The Mark X was introduced in 2004 and is manufactured in Kanegasaki, Iwate, Japan. Also sold in China as the Reiz, it is available with either a 253 horsepower (189 kW) 3.0 L or 212 horsepower (158 kW) 2.5 L GR series V6 engine. Both engines offer dual VVT-i (variable valve timing) with gasoline direct injection(Japanese models only). The rear-wheel drive models have a 6-speed automatic transmission as standard, and the all-wheel drive models have a 5-speed automatic.
The Mark X is the successor to the Mark II which was first introduced in 1968, was known in the North American market as the Corona Mark II starting in 1972 and the Cressida from 1977 to 1992 and was the predecessor to the introduction of Lexus. The Mark X is not pronounced "Mark Ten" but "Mark Ex", though the Mark II is "Mark Two". The Mark X is an alternative to the Toyota Camry for buyers who like the size of the Camry, but prefer a front engine rear drive powertrain with the option to add all wheel drive, which the Camry doesn't offer. The Mark X is a combination of previous Mark II siblings, the sport oriented Toyota Chaser, and the luxurious Toyota Cresta in one vehicle, letting the Camry appeal to buyers who traditionally purchased the conservatively styled and equipped Mark II in the past, repeating an approach previously attempted by the short lived Toyota Verossa that used straight 6 engines, whereas the Mark X uses V6 engines.
Both the first and second generation Mark X were manufactured at the Motomachi Plant in Japan.
First Generation (2004-2009)
|Also called||Toyota Reiz|
Motomachi Plant, Japan|
Iwate plant, Japan (Kanto Auto Works)
2.5 L 4GR-FSE V6|
2.5 L 5GR-FE V6
3.0 L 3GR-FSE V6
3.0 L 3GR-FE V6
5-speed automatic (for 4WD models)|
6-speed automatic (for FR models)
Toyota unveiled the Mark X sedan, successor to the Mark II sedan which has been on the market since the late '60s. Instead of being based on a modified Supra chassis, the Mark X shares its platform with the Toyota Crown and it's siblings the Lexus GS and the 2nd Generation IS Sport Sedan. The continuation of describing this vehicle as the "X" series is a reference to the first dedicated Mark II platform introduced in 1972. Major changes the Mark series is the engine and footwork. Toyota discontinue the majority of their straight six engines used in the Toyota Verossa, more specifically the JZ series and the G series motor and went to the newly developed GR series motor. Either the 2.5L 4GR-FSE or the 3.0L 3GR-FSE is made available, both pair to a 6-speed sequential automatic transmission. No manual transmission is offered.
A first in its class is the rear bumper with integrated exhaust outlet, which later made its way on to the new LS series and the new Crown. New led light for the ceiling runs from the front of the vehicle to the rear creating a "mood" lighting system. The led system is also incorporated into the gear shifter and key area of the vehicle.
Minor changes were made in 2006. Mirror mounted turn signals replaces the fender mounted turn signal, and a redesign grille. Mark X with all black interior deleted the wood trim in favor of the brush aluminum trim. A formal introduction of the "S package" which gain the 3-spoke steering wheel and changes to the exterior lip piece.
This generation continues to be sold in China by the Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co. Ltd. as the Reiz (transliterated into Mandarin Chinese as '锐志'). The Reiz is sold as the 2.5S, 2.5V and 3.0V Premium with 2,497 cc 5GR and 2,995 cc 3GR engines. A new version was released by FAW Toyota in September 2010, with an exterior restyled after the second-generation Mark X.
The Mark X Supercharged version uses the 3GR-FSE engine with a supercharger added. Power output is 316 horsepower (236 kW) at 6200 rpm and 42.0 kilogram metres (412 N·m; 304 lb·ft) at 3200 rpm, paired to a 6 speed auto transmission.
A limited edition 50th Anniversary Supercharged Mark X was produced with the Vertiga kit. It has chrome ducts and carbon fiber splitters as standard parts.
Second Generation (2009)
|Body style||4-door sedan|
2.5 L 4GR-FSE V6|
3.5 L 2GR-FSE V6
|Curb weight||1510-1560 kg|
A redesigned Mark X was released on October 19, 2009. Engine options are the 2.5L 4GR-FSE V6 and the 3.5L 2GR-FSE V6 found in the Crown, GS 350 and IS 350. Models available are Standard (350G, 250G, 250G Four), Premium and Sports (350S, 250G S). The 250G has all-wheel drive as an option (250G Four).
Changes from the X120 generation include the elimination of the exhaust outlet diffuser, 6-speed automatic for AWD models and a return to the hinge design trunk instead of lift support.
As with the last generation Mark X, Toyota's in-house tuning company Modellista installed a supercharger on the 3.5L 2GR-FSE motor to create the Mark X +M Super Charger. Power output is 360ps and 50.8 kg-m. 
Modellista also produced a non-supercharged version of the Mark X called the Vertiga.
Mark X ZiO
The Mark X ZiO wagon shares only a name with the Mark X sedan.
- ↑ "Product manufacture". http://www2.toyota.co.jp/en/facilities/manufacturing/index.html. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
- ↑ "History of KANTO AUTO WORKS". Kanto-aw.co.jp. http://www.kanto-aw.co.jp/en/history/. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- ↑ "Reiz specs" (in Chinese). http://www.tftm.com.cn/cpgc/ruizhi/guige.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-02.
- ↑ "FAW-Toyota Releases 2011 Reiz". ChinaAutoWeb.com. http://chinaautoweb.com/2010/09/faw-toyota-releases-2011-reiz/.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 "MARK X Super Charger". 2006-10-29. Archived from the original on 2006-10-29. http://web.archive.org/web/20061029152739/http://toyota.jp/customize/markx/supercharger/spec2.html. Retrieved 2006-10-29.
- ↑ "Mark X 50th Anniversary Limited Edition Pictures". http://modcarclub.com/forums/index.php?topic=225.0. Retrieved 2010-08-17.
- ↑ "MARK X spec". 2009-10. http://toyota.jp/markx/spec/spec/index.html. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- ↑ New Toyota Mark X: official details and photos
- ↑ Toyota Mark X rendering: New model to arrive in October
- ↑ "Mark X "Vertiga"". 2009-10. http://toyota.jp/customize/markx/vertiga/spec2.html. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- Official Mark X site (in Japanese)
- Mark X Supercharged (in Japanese)
- Toyota Mark X blog (in Japanese)
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