Volvo S80

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Volvo S80
99-03 Volvo S80 2.9.jpg
1999–2003 Volvo S80 2.9 (US)
Manufacturer Volvo Cars
Production 1998–present
Assembly Torslanda, Sweden
Ghent, Belgium[1]
Halifax, Canada (VHA)
Samutprakarn, Thailand[2]
Shah Alam, Malaysia[3]
Predecessor Volvo S90
Class Mid-size luxury car
Body style 4-door saloon/sedan
Layout Transverse front engine, front-wheel drive, four-wheel drive

The Volvo S80 is a mid-size executive saloon/sedan from Swedish automaker Volvo Cars, and was introduced in 1998 to take the place of the rear-wheel drive Volvo 960/S90 saloons in the model range. The Volvo S80 was built at the Torslanda Plant (Torslandaverken) in Gothenburg, Sweden. Unlike most Volvo models, it did not have an estate / station wagon version for its first generation. Now, the third generation V70 wagon is marketed as the estate version for the second generation S80 saloon. This is a part of a major product overhaul at Volvo, including a luxury large estate and saloon.

The first generation was notable for being one of the first Volvos to depart from the company's traditionally boxy, conservative styling. The S80's styling, with its pronounced beltlines and tail lights that narrow and go from curves to points as they go up, was later adopted throughout the Volvo line, especially on the S60 and S40 saloons.

The first generation Volvo S80 had one of the highest crash test ratings in the world for five years.Template:Citation needed The second generation Volvo S80, in June 2007, scored the highest "good" rating in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) crash test performance for frontal, side, and rear impacts,[4] continuing in the success of the first S80 sedan, earning it the IIHS Top Safety Pick. The second generation S80 is better engineered than the previous model, in part due to a more rigid chassis.

Contents

First generation

First generation
Swedish Ambassador's S80.JPG
2004–2006 Volvo S80 (US)
Production Europe:
1998–2006
Canada:1998
Malaysia:
2003–2009
Indonesia:
since 2009
Platform Volvo P2 platformTemplate:Citation needed
Engine 2.0 L I5 LPT
2.4 L I5
2.4 L I5 CNG/LPG
2.5 L I5 LPT
2.9 L I6
2.8/2.9 L I6 twin-turbo
2.4 L I5 Turbo Diesel
2.5 L I5 Turbo Diesel[5]
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,790 mm (109.8 in)
Length 4,820 mm (189.8 in)
2004-06: 4,849 mm (190.9 in)
Width 1,830 mm (72.0 in)
Height 1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Kerb weight 1,634–1,712 kg (3,602–3,774 lb)
Related Ford Five Hundred
Ford Freestyle
Mercury Montego
Volvo S60
Volvo V70
Volvo XC90

The first generation S80 is based on the Ford D3 platform.Template:Citation needed More than 368,000 first generation S80s were built before the introduction of the new model.[6] The all-new S80's styling has pronounced beltlines and tail lights that narrow and go from curves to points as they go up.

This S80 saloon, being Volvo's flagship model, was heavily equipped with numerous safety systems to ensure all occupants safety, including Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) and Whiplash Protection System WHIPS.[7]

The S80 has three firsts for passenger cars. The first was the use of a built-in, fully integrated GSM phone, complete with both a hands free function and a lift-up hand-set. The second was the fitment of the straight-six engine in a transverse engine mounting. Volvo claims to be the first manufacturer to succeed in mass producing this configuration "in modern time",[7] although this is quite false, since British Leyland produced passenger cars using the E6 engine from 1970 to 1981 in cars such as the Austin Kimberley and Austin Princess.[8] No existing manual gearbox would fit in the engine bay with the six-cylinder engine, so Volvo had to develop their own, claimed to be the world's smallest manual transmission, the M65. The previous record holder was also a Volvo gearbox, the M56 developed to fit the wide five-cylinder transverse engine first used in the 850 series cars.[9] Thirdly, the S80 was the world's first car with an environmental specification, covering aspects such as those directly relating to the car such as allergens from textiles and fuel economy and the life cycle of the car from production to dismantling.[10]

For Volvo, the S80 was a major step forward into the age of modern car design, particularly with the use of canbus multiplex wiring.[11] It is said that the S80 has more than 40 onboard computers, with at least one in every door. A popular expression says there's more electronics in the S80 than in the F15 fighter.

The S80 was initially available with four different engines. Starting the range was a detuned 2.4-litre 104 kilowatts (141 PS; 139 bhp) five-cylinder. This was also available as a compressed natural gas (CNG) and as an liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) version. The fully tuned version produced 125 kilowatts (170 PS; 168 bhp). Next up was a 2.9-litre 144 kilowatts (196 PS; 193 bhp) six-cylinder, then 200 kilowatts (272 PS; 268 bhp) T6, and finally, the 103 kilowatts (140 PS; 138 bhp) 2.5-litre Volkswagen-sourced Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine. The 2.9 has a straight-six engine, while the T6 was powered by a destroked twin-turbocharged version.[7]

In 2000, there was the addition of the 149 kilowatts (203 PS; 200 bhp) 2.5T, available with standard all-wheel drive. The 2.5T model featured a light-pressure turbocharger.

Late 2001 introduced the 120 kilowatts (163 PS; 161 bhp) five-cylinder common rail diesel D5, detuned to 96 kilowatts (131 PS; 129 bhp) and sold as 2.4D in some markets.[5][12]

In some European countries, the entry level S80 came with a 2.0-litre five-cylinder turbocharged engine producing 182 metric horsepower (134 kW; 180 bhp). These were sold in countries where larger capacity engines were penalized by heavy taxes.

Minor exterior design changes occurred between 2003 and 2004 versions, notably front grille styling (in pre-2004 version (pictured above), it has vertical metallic pattern - herited from 960 series - , while in 2004 (pictured right) a grey plastic brick-wall pattern was introduced).

Safety

EuroNCAP tested the first generation Volvo S80, running from 1998 to 2003. They tested a Left hand drive, 4-door Saloon, registered in 2000, with front seatbelt pretensioners, seatbelt load limiters, and front: side, body and head airbags:

Test Score Points
Overall: N/A N/A
Adult occupant: 4/5 stars 29
Pedestrian: 2/4 stars 14

Scores given for the car showed pedestrians' legs facing a very aggressive front end, resulting in only 2 stars of 4 for pedestrian safety. Despite this EuroNCAP did state "This large Volvo is very safe and gave a good all round performance" due to the good adult protection inside the car in the event of a collision.[13]

Engines

year model engine displacement engine configuration fuel max. motive power max. torque
1998–2006 2.4 (140) 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) straight five petrol engine 103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp) 220 N·m (162 lbf·ft)
1998–2006 2.4 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) straight five petrol engine 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) 225 N·m (166 lbf·ft)
2000–2006 2.0T 1,984 cc (121.1 cu in) straight five LPT petrol engine 132 kW (179 PS; 177 bhp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
1998–2003 2.4T 2,435 cc (148.6 cu in) straight five LPT petrol engine 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) 285 N·m (210 lbf·ft)
2003–2006 2.5T 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) straight five LPT petrol engine 155 kW (211 PS; 208 bhp) 320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
1998–2001 2.9 2,922 cc (178.3 cu in) straight six petrol engine 150 kW (204 PS; 201 bhp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
2001–2004 2.9 2,922 cc (178.3 cu in) straight six petrol engine 144 kW (196 PS; 193 bhp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
1998–2001 T6 2,783 cc (169.8 cu in) straight six twin-turbo petrol engine 200 kW (272 PS; 268 bhp) 380 N·m (280 lbf·ft)
2001–2006 T6 2,922 cc (178.3 cu in) straight six twin-turbo petrol engine 200 kW (272 PS; 268 bhp) 380 N·m (280 lbf·ft)
1998–2001 TDI (Volkswagen engine) 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) straight five turbocharged diesel engine 103 kW (140 PS; 138 bhp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
2001–2006 2.4D 2,401 cc (146.5 cu in) straight five turbocharged common rail diesel engine 96 kW (131 PS; 129 bhp) 280 N·m (207 lbf·ft)
2001–2006 D5 2,401 cc (146.5 cu in) straight five turbocharged common rail diesel engine 120 kW (163 PS; 161 bhp) 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)

Second generation

Second generation
2nd Volvo S80 -- 01-13-2010.jpg
2010 Volvo S80 (US)
Production 2006–present
Platform Y20 platformTemplate:Citation needed
Engine 2.0 L (4cyl)
2.0 L (Flexifuel, 4-cyl)
2.5 L I5 LPT
3.0/3.2 L I6
4.4 L V8
1.6D I4
2.0D I4
2.0D I5
2.4D I5 turbodiesel
Transmission 6-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,835 mm (111.6 in)
Length 4,849 mm (190.9 in), 4989 mm? (S80L), 5000+mm? (S80R)
Width 1,861 mm (73.3 in)
Height 1,490 mm (58.7 in)
Related Volvo V70
Land Rover Freelander
Ford Mondeo
Volvo XC60
Jaguar X-Type

On 31 January 2006, Volvo Cars released the first pictures of the second generation S80, and the car was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show on 28 February, with sales beginning in June 2006. Generally, all features of the car were upgraded substantially. The new S80 features a new 3.2-litre straight-six engine or 4.4-litre V8 engine, in combination with available four-wheel drive. The second-generation S80 is the first Volvo saloon model to become available with Volvo's compact, transversely fitted V8 with a power output of 315 PS (232 kW; 311 hp) and 440 newton metres (325 lbf·ft) of torque developed jointly by Volvo Cars engine unit Skövde and Yamaha, but built by Yamaha of Japan. With four catalytic converters and advanced electronics, this engine, which was first introduced in the Volvo XC90, is one of the cleanest V8s on the market. The exterior was redesigned using improvements on original S80 design that were done for S60 (dimension ratios and overall curvature flow) and an earlier 2004 S40 redesign (front and tail-end design, esp. the lights). The quality of the exterior was also greatly improved with more high strength boron steel in the body for safety. The interior is seen as one of the most comfortable in the automotive industry.

This second generation S80 is no exception to Volvo's ongoing improvements and inventions of safety. The second generation S80 has been given the IIHS 2007 Top Safety Pick Award in overall safety protection. Also again in November the IIHS awarded the 2008 Volvo S80 with Top Safety Award. This S80 performed above its German and Japanese rivals. Scores were perfect for frontal, side, and rear impacts.

The new S80 is based on the Ford EUCD platform (called P24 by Volvo), also used for vehicles including Ford's S-MAX, Mondeo and Galaxy large MPVs.[14] Some of these Ford vehicles, whilst sharing this platform, and some parts, are distinctly different from each other as they compete in different auto market segments. Volvo vehicles on this platform tend to use more high tech parts and more expensive underpinnings.

Volvo's Personal Car Communicator (PCC) remote control will also be an optional feature with the new S80. This feature is fairly new to the automotive industry. When out of range, the most recent information is stored so that at any time and in any place a check can be made to see if the car was actually locked. Additionally when a driver gets within 100m (330 feet) of there S80, they are able to check if there S80 was broken into or if the alarm was activated also if someone is inside their S80 at the present moment.

File:Volvo BLIS.JPG
Blind spot detector on side mirrors

The all new S80 is the first Volvo model to feature Adaptive cruise control (ACC) with Collision Warning and Brake Support (CWBS). Adaptive cruise control helps ensure comfort and relaxed driving by letting the driver select the desired speed and the minimum time gap to the vehicle in front of them. When a radar sensor detects a slower vehicle in front of them, Adaptive Cruise Control adapts to that vehicles speed by applying a limited amount of braking power and/or coasting. As the Collision Warning System constantly scans for an impending collision, it alerts with a flashing light on the windshield and an audible tone. Meanwhile Brake Support offers additional assistance by preparing the braking system so that the car can begin stopping faster and preparing for panic brake application. If you fail to brake the car within a certain gap the S80 automatically applies full braking power to mitigate collision forces and reduce the severity of a impending crash. The Volvo S80 also offers an adaptive brake light as standard it is active at speeds above 30 mph, the adaptive brake light can sense the difference between normal and panic braking. If it is a panic situation, all the brake lights will flash at a rate of four times per second. Once your speed slows to below 19 mph, the lights stop flashing and hazard lights flash instead. Using LED technology that needs less time to light up than regular bulbs, traffic behind you can react sooner. Ready Alert Brakes (RAB) is also available in the S80 it anticipates severe braking and prepares for it by moving the brake pads closer to the discs.

The Volvo S80 is also available with a new safety innovation called Blind Spot Information System (BLIS, first seen in Volvo S40) which senses when a person enters the driver's blind spot and the driver is informed with a light in the appropriate door mirror. BLIS system has been recently introduced at Mercedes-Benz's higher specification cars, nearly two years after Volvo.[15] The second generation Volvo S80 is much more luxurious than the previous generation, and it flaunts its "Scandinavian Luxury" design language. The second generation S80 has already won awards in best mid size luxury saloon interior.[16]

The S80 is also available with Lane Departure Warning, it can be turned on from 40 MPH (60 KPH). If the driver unintentionally crosses a lane marking, if this happens the driver will be alerted with a gentle warning sound. If lane markings ever become unclear or not readable then the system is turned off automatically.

Engines

year model engine displacement engine configuration fuel max. motive power max. torque
2006–2010 V8 4,414 cc (269.4 cu in) V8 engine petrol 232 kW (315 PS; 311 bhp) 440 N·m (325 lbf·ft)
2006- 3.2 3,192 cc (194.8 cu in) inline-six petrol 175 kW (238 PS; 235 bhp) 320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
2008- T6 2,953 cc (180.2 cu in) inline-six turbocharged petrol 210 kW (286 PS; 282 bhp) 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)
2006–2009 2.5T 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) inline-five LPT petrol 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) 300 N·m (221 lbf·ft)
2008–2009 2.5FT 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) inline-five LPT E85/petrol FlexiFuel 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) 300 N·m (221 lbf·ft)
2008–2009 2.0 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) inline-four petrol 107 kW (145 PS; 143 bhp) 185 N·m (136 lbf·ft)
2008–2009 2.0F 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) inline-four E85/petrol FlexiFuel 107 kW (145 PS; 143 bhp) 185 N·m (136 lbf·ft)
2009- 2.0 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) inline-four petrol 107 kW (145 PS; 143 bhp) 190 N·m (140 lbf·ft)
2009- 2.0F 1,999 cc (122.0 cu in) inline-four E85/petrol FlexiFuel 107 kW (145 PS; 143 bhp) 190 N·m (140 lbf·ft)
2009- D5 2,400 cc (146.5 cu in) inline-five twin-turbo common rail diesel 151 kW (205 PS; 202 bhp) 420 N·m (310 lbf·ft)
2009- 2.4D 2,400 cc (146.5 cu in) inline-five turbocharged common rail diesel 129 kW (175 PS; 173 bhp) 420 N·m (310 lbf·ft)
2006–2009 D5 2,400 cc (146.5 cu in) inline-five turbocharged common rail diesel 136 kW (185 PS; 182 bhp) 400 N·m (295 lbf·ft)
2006–2009 2.4D 2,400 cc (146.5 cu in) inline-five turbocharged common rail diesel 120 kW (163 PS; 161 bhp) 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)
2008- 2.0D 1,997 cc (121.9 cu in) inline-four turbocharged common rail diesel 100 kW (136 PS; 134 bhp) 320 N·m (236 lbf·ft)
2009- 1.6D DRIVe 1,560 cc (95.2 cu in) inline-four turbocharged common rail diesel 80 kW (109 PS; 107 bhp) 240 N·m (177 lbf·ft)
2009- 2.5T 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) inline-five LPT petrol 170 kW (231 PS; 228 bhp) 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)
2009- 2.5FT 2,521 cc (153.8 cu in) inline-five LPT E85/petrol FlexiFuel 170 kW (231 PS; 228 bhp) 340 N·m (251 lbf·ft)

S80L

A long-wheelbase version, called the Volvo S80L, has been built by Changan-Volvo in Chongqing, China. The 2011 version has a wheelbase of 2976 mm and is powered by a turbo 2.0 or 3.0 engine.[17]

2010 update

New features include a choice of five-cylinder 2.4-litre D5 twin-turbo diesel, 2.4-litre diesel, or 1.6-litre diesel engine. Also the 2.5T and 2.5FT were modified to produce more power and have a lower fuel consumption. The car's exterior was modified to give the S80 a lower, longer and wider stance. More chrome trim were added to the front, the rear end the doors to look like the S80 Executive. The 2010 Volvo S80 facelift also comes with a choice between a comfort-enhancing standard chassis, or a sport one that offers better handling dynamics. The 2010 S80 will be available with a S80 R-design interior package to give the inside a sportier look. The interior package contains a new sports steering wheel, sports pedals, Dynamic leather seats, sports gearshift knob and a new combi instrument with blue background.

The car was unveiled in 2009 at the Geneva Motor Show.[18]

Special versions

The S80 is also used as a base for limousines, hearses and ambulances by Nilsson Special Vehicles in Laholm, Sweden. Nilsson have built the official state car for a few heads of state, including one for the King of Sweden. An armoured version is also available from Czech specialists SVOS.

See also

References

  1. "Volvo. Volvo In Belgium". Car-cat.com. http://car-cat.com/firm-51.html. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  2. "Volvo. Volvo In Thailand". Car-cat.com. http://car-cat.com/firm-1145.html. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  3. "Volvo. Volvo In Malaysia". Car-cat.com. http://car-cat.com/firm-801.html. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  4. "IIHS S80 Report". Iihs.org. 2010-09-01. http://www.iihs.org/ratings/rating.aspx?id=823. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Volvo 2003 S80 Specification" (PDF). http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/tech/Tech_Spec_S80_2003.pdf. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  6. "Volvo Owners Club UK S80 production data". Volvoclub.org.uk. 2009-12-31. http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/history/s80_stats_search.php. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Volvo Owners Club UK Summary of S80 Launch Press Release". Volvoclub.org.uk. http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/s80.shtml. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  8. "Austin Rover.co.uk E series engines". Austin-rover.co.uk. http://austin-rover.co.uk/engineeseriesf.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  9. "Volvo Owners Club UK M65 Gearbox Press Release". Volvoclub.org.uk. http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/press/s80/press/s80press2.shtml. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  10. "Volvo Owners Club UK S80 Environment Press Release". Volvoclub.org.uk. http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/press/s80/press/s80press6.shtml. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  11. "Volvo Early S80 Press Release" (PDF). http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/press/s80/S80-TheStory.pdf. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  12. "Volvo S80 1999 Specifications" (PDF). http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/tech/S80TechData1999.pdf. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  13. "Volvo S80 | Euro NCAP - For safer cars crash test safety rating". Euro NCAP. http://www.euroncap.com/tests/volvo_s80_2000/55.aspx. Retrieved 2012-01-06. 
  14. Wim Oude Weernink and Bradford Wernle. "Building Blocks: Ford learns a lesson from Lego". AutoWeek. http://autoweek.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060330/FREE/60327009/1024/LATESTNEWS. Retrieved 30 March 2006. 
  15. "Tech Watch: Mercedes-Benz Ups the Safety Ante With New Blind-Spot Assist". Edmunds.com. 2009-01-22. http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/News/articleId=122829. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  16. "Volvo S80 (06-) 3.2 SE Sport 4dr Saloon". Autocar.co.uk. http://www.autocar.co.uk/CarReviews/RoadTestsHistory/Volvo-S80-3.2-SE-Sport/222797/. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  17. "2011 Volvo S80L Employs Smaller, GTDi Engine". ChinaAutoWeb.com. http://chinaautoweb.com/2010/12/2011-volvo-s80l-employs-smaller-gtdi-engine/. 
  18. Lavrinc, Damon (2009-02-26). "Geneva Preview: Volvo readies updated S80 for Swiss debut". Autoblog.com. http://www.autoblog.com/2009/02/26/geneva-preview-volvo-readies-updated-s80-for-swiss-debut/. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 

External links

Template:Commons category

  • Volvo S80 - Official International Volvo S80 Site

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